Hypospadias

Hypospadias /haɪpoʊˈspeɪdɪəs/ is a birth defect of the urethra in the male that involves an abnormally placed urinary meatus (the opening, or male external urethral orifice). Instead of opening at the tip of the glans of the penis, a hypospadic urethra opens anywhere along a line (the urethral groove) running from the tip along the underside (ventral aspect) of the shaft to the junction of the penis and scrotum or perineum. A distal hypospadias may be suspected even in an uncircumcised boy from an abnormally formed foreskin and downward tilt of the glans.

The urethral meatus opens on the underside of the glans penis in about 50–75% of cases; these are categorized as first degree hypospadias. Second degree (when the urethra opens on the shaft), and third degree (when the urethra opens on the perineum) occur in up to 20 and 30% of cases respectively. The more severe degrees are more likely to be associated with chordee, in which the phallus is incompletely separated from the perineum or is still tethered downwards by connective tissue, or with undescended testes (cryptorchidism).

Read more about Hypospadias:  Signs and Symptoms, Cause, Treatment, Epidemiology

Other articles related to "hypospadias":

ICD-10 Chapter XVII: Congenital Malformations, Deformations And Chromosomal Abnormalities - Q00–Q89 – Congenital Malformations and Deformations - (Q50–Q56) Genital Organs
... of female genitalia, unspecified (Q53) Undescended testicle (Q54) Hypospadias (Q54.0) Hypospadias, balanic (Q54.1) Hypospadias, penile (Q54.2) Hypospadias, penoscrotal (Q54.3) Hypospadias, perineal (Q54.4 ...
Hypospadias - Epidemiology
... Hypospadias are among the most common birth defects of the male genitalia (second to cryptorchidism), but widely varying incidences have been reported from ... The incidence of hypospadias around the world has been increasing in recent decades ... Although a slight worldwide increase in hypospadias was reported in the 1980s, studies in different countries and regions have yielded conflicting results and some registries have ...
IVUMed - Project Methodology
... Hypospadias, a crippling deformity of the male genitalia that prevents normal urinary and sexual function, occurs in approximately one in every 150 boys ... the host site and personnel while instruction begins on less complex procedures, such as hypospadias repair during pediatric workshops ... Also, since hypospadias is the most common urological birth defect, the first workshop begins to address one of the host site’s most pressing demands ...
Human Penis - Physiological Functions of The Penis - Disorders - Developmental Disorders
... Hypospadias is a developmental disorder where the meatus is positioned wrongly at birth ... Hypospadias can also occur iatrogenically by the downward pressure of an indwelling urethral catheter ... The Intersex Society of North America classifies hypospadias as an intersex condition ...
Intersex Surgery - Masculinizing Surgical Procedures
... Orchiopexy and hypospadias repair are the most common types of genital corrective surgery performed in infant boys, but most of these boys have no other abnormalities and are not ... of ambiguous genitalia referred to as pseudovaginal perineoscrotal hypospadias (PPSH) the Reifenstein type of partial androgen insensitivity syndrome gonadal dysgenesis ... Hypospadias repair is a relatively simple single procedure if the hypospadias is first or second degree (urethral opening on glans or shaft respectively ...