List of Hot Springs
There are hot springs on all continents and in many countries around the world. Countries that are renowned for their hot springs include China, Costa Rica, Iceland, Iran, New Zealand, Peru, United States, Taiwan, and Japan, but there are hot springs in many other places as well:
- The Frying Pan Lake in Waimangu Volcanic Rift Valley, New Zealand. It is the world's largest hot spring.
- The Boiling Lake hot spring in Dominica. It is the second largest hot spring in the world.
- The Maquinit Hot Spring in Busuanga Island, Northern Palawan, Philippines. The only known salty hot spring in Asia.
- The Geysir hot springs in Iceland are the source of the word "geyser".
- Rincon de la Vieja National Park in Guanacaste, Costa Rica, is a famous area for different types of springs, Hot Springs, Sulfur Springs and Volcanic Mud Springs Rincon de la Vieja Volcano National Park.
- The town of Spa, Belgium is the origin of the word "spa" and features springs with water temperatures of 32 °C (90 °F). Casanova visited Spa in 1783 looking for business opportunities but was disappointed.
- Aachen, Germany has the hottest springs of continental Europe with water temperatures of 74 °C (165 °F).
- There are more than 275 hot springs registered in Chile including South America's largest hot spring source in Liquiñe.
- The Yangbajing hot springs field about 87 km. north of Lhasa in Tibet is several square kilometers in size, and used to supply a large fraction of the electricity of Lhasa. At an altitude between 4,290 and 4,500 m (14,070 and 14,800 ft), this is a strong candidate for the set of highest altitude hot springs on earth.
- Taiwan, is ranked among one of the world's top hot spring sites, harboring a great variety of springs, including hot springs, cold springs, mud springs, and seabed hot springs.
- Icaria, Greece features a radioactive hot water spring that has been used since the 4th century BCE.
- There are numerous hot springs in Greenland, such as on Uunartoq island near Alluitsup Paa. There are over 2000 hot springs just on Disko Island, which has an area only 0.4% of that of Greenland.
- The closest town to Machu Picchu in Peru is Machu Picchu Pueblo, which features several hot springs. The local name for Machu Picchu Pueblo is Aguas Calientes.
- Widely renowned since a chemistry professor's report in 1918 classified them as one of the world's most electrolytic mineral waters, the Rio Hondo Hot Springs in northern Argentina have become among the most visited on earth. The Cacheuta Spa is another famous hot springs in Argentina.
- Iceland has many famous hot springs, including the one feeding the Blue Lagoon spa in Grindavík, Iceland, and Europe's highest flow rate hot spring Deildartunguhver. Deildartunguhver's water emerges at 97 °C (207 °F) and is piped many miles to heat neighboring towns.
- One of the highly potential geothermal energy reservoirs in India is the Tattapani thermal springs of Madhya Pradesh.
- Shiretoko National Park in Hokkaidō, Japan has a hot springs waterfall called Kamuiwakkayu-no-taki, which translates as "river of the gods" in the Ainu language.
- Northwest Spitsbergen National Park, Spitsbergen at 80 degrees north, contains two of earth's most northerly hot springs.
- There are many geothermal springs in the UK, but the thermal springs found in the town of Bath produce the highest temperature geothermal water in the UK.
- Oymyakon in eastern Siberia is a candidate for the coldest permanently inhabited location in the Northern Hemisphere and another hot springs site. The Yakut language word "oymyakon" means "river doesn't freeze" after the local tributary of the Indigirka River fed by the hot springs which continues to flow year round in this permafrost region.
- Being located in the "Pacific Ring of Fire", Japan is in a volcanic region, and is home to many hot springs. The onsen (a Japanese word for "hot spring") plays a notable role in Japanese culture. Visiting an onsen is a quintessential Japanese experience and is a popular tourist activity.
- Chutsen Chugang Hot Springs are located on the grounds of the Zhoto Terdrom / Tidro Nunnery, at an altitude of 4400 meters in Maldrogongkar / Mozhugongka County, Lhasa, Tibet. Buddhist nuns and the "hot spring snake" both live near this set of high altitude hot springs.
- There is a hot spring on Deception Island in Antarctica.
- Champagne Hot Springs is a shallow submarine geothermal spring system along the coast of the island of Dominica, Lesser Antilles.
- Australia Peninsula Hot Springs are located one and a half hours drive South of Melbourne on the Mornington Peninsula. 47 °C (117 °F) waters flow from 637 meters to the surface and into private baths and pools.
- Bela-Bela (formerly Warmbaths) in Limpopo Province, South Africa.
- Sirch (Kerman), Sar'eyn (Ardabil) and Geno (Bandar Abbas) are notable hot springs in Iran.
- Russia, Far East, Kamchatka (Kamchatka), "Paratunka" for example and many other.
- Hot Springs National Park has 47 hot springs at Hot Springs Mountain in the town of Hot Springs, Arkansas USA.
- Savusavu, Fiji. Hot springs all over the town as well as on the beach, where steam can be seen rising from the water at low tide.
- Lake Hévíz is close to the city of Hévíz, Hungary. Is the second largest thermal lake in the world. The lake water temperatures range between 23-25 °C in winter and 33-36 °C in summer.
- Takhini Hot Springs is the only developed hot spring in the Yukon, Canada. Its water flows from deep within the earth with a temperature of around 47°C.
- El Pandeño in Julimes, Chihuahua, Mexico, harbors the entire known population of Julimes pupfish (Cyprinodon julimes) which shares its habitat with other rare micro-endemic species. The Julimes pupfish is considered to be the freshwater teleost that lives at the highest temperatures on the planet, and possibly also the vertebrate with the smallest known distribution range.
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