Hebrews (Hebrew: עברים or עבריים, ʿIḇrîm, ʿIḇriyyîm; ʿIvrim, ʿIvriyyim; ʕibrim, ʕibriyim) is an ethnonym used in the Tanakh (Jewish Bible). It is mostly taken as synonymous with the Semitic Israelites, especially in the pre-monarchic period when they were still nomadic, but in some instances it may also be used in a wider sense, referring to the Phoenicians, or to other ancient groups, such as the group known as Shasu of Yhw on the eve of the Bronze Age collapse.
By the Roman era, Greek Hebraios could refer to the Jews in general, as Strong's Hebrew Dictionary puts it "any of the Jewish Nation" and at other times more specifically to the Jews living in Judea. In Early Christianity, the Greek term Εβραία (feminine) Εβραίες (plural) Εβραί (masculine) refers to Christianizing Jews, as opposed to the gentile Christians and Christian Judaizers (Acts 6:1 among others). Ιουδαία is the province where the Temple was located.
The Old Testament of the Christian Bible uses Hebrews and Jews interchangeably, in the Book Of Esther (2:5) Mordechai the Benjamite is called a Jew, though he is not of the tribe of Judah. In Jonah 1:9 Jonah is called a Hebrew.
In Armenian, Italian, Kurdish, Old French and a few other languages the transfer of the name from Hebrew to Jew never took place, and 'Hebrew' is the primary used word for a Jew.
Other articles related to "hebrews, hebrew":
... The Hebrew language is a member of the larger group of Canaanite languages within Northwest Semitic ... The language has been known as "Hebrew" in English since the 11th century, from Old French Ebreu, in turn from Latin Hebraeus and Greek Hebraios, ultimately ... Since the Hebrew Bible makes a point of marking the Canaanites as peoples set apart from the Israelites, the extent of the distinction between the culture of the Canaanites and the Israelites is a matter of debate ...
... lacunae (Acts 220-31 1 Corinthians 1217-132 Hebrews 1135-1325) ... The Hebrews is placed between 2 Thessalonians and 1 Timothy ... The text of Hebrews 1135-121 was supplied by a later hand ...
... The Hebrews and the bugs face obstacles on their paths ... A drought affects the Hebrews and the bugs ... The Hebrews ask Moses for something to eat, but are disappointed by the manna ...
... Contributor to section on Hebrews in Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament (Hardcover), Baker Academic (November 1, 2007), ISBN 0-8010-2693-8, ISBN 978-0 ... section on Hebrews for the Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary ... The Structure of Hebrews A Textlinguistic Analysis, (Supplements to Novum Testamentum, 73 ...
... Non-Sabbatarians and some first-day Sabbatarians believe Hebrews 8 indicates Sabbath-keeping is not mandatory, because "in that he saith, a new covenant, he hath made the first old ... and strict first-day Sabbatarians believe Hebrews 8 indicates the Law of God (including Sabbath) remains on the hearts of God's people to be kept, but not fallibly as in the older ...
Famous quotes containing the word hebrews:
“This Government has found occasion to express, in a friendly spirit, but with much earnestness, to the Government of the Czar, its serious concern because of the harsh measures now being enforced against the Hebrews in Russia.”
—Benjamin Harrison (18331901)
“Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.”
—Bible: New Testament Hebrews 11:1.
“As for the sacred Scriptures, or Bibles of mankind, who in this town can tell me even their titles? Most men do not know that any nation but the Hebrews have had a scripture.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)