Hauptmann

Hauptmann is a German word usually translated as captain when it is used as an officer's rank in the German, Austrian and Swiss armies. While "haupt" in contemporary German means "main", it also has the dated meaning of "head", i.e. Hauptmann literally translates to "head man", which is also the etymological root of "captain" (from Latin caput head). It equates to Captain in the British and US Armies, and is rated OF-2 in NATO.

More generally, it can be used to denote the head of any hierarchically structured group of people, often as a compound word. For example, a Feuerwehrhauptmann is the captain of a fire brigade, while the word Räuberhauptmann refers to the leader of a gang of robbers.

Official Austrian titles incorporating the word include Landeshauptmann, Bezirkshauptmann, Burghauptmann and Berghauptmann.

In Saxony during the Weimar Republic, the titles of Kreishauptmann and Amtshauptmann were held by senior civil servants.

Other articles related to "hauptmann":

List Of Knight's Cross Of The Iron Cross Recipients Of The Fallschirmjäger - Knight's Cross of The Iron Cross
... Name Rank Unit Date of award Notes Abratis, HerbertHerbert Abratis Hauptmann II./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 1 01944-10-2424 October 1944 Killed in action 29 March 1945 Adolff, Heinz PaulHeinz Paul Adolff ... II./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 2 01944-09-1212 September 1944 Foltin, FerdinandFerdinand Foltin Hauptmann II./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 3 01944-06-099 June 1944 ... Friedrich-August Freiherr von der Heydte Hauptmann I./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 3 01941-07-099 July 1941 Awarded 617th Oak Leaves 30 September 1944 Hönscheid, Johannes-MatthiasJ ...
Arthur Koehler
... In the trial of Bruno Hauptmann, Koehler brought out his evidence which helped to indict Hauptmann of the kidnapping and sent Hauptmann to the electric chair ... it was discovered that plank had disappeared from Hauptmann's attic, Koehler brought out his evidence the wood he traced to Hauptmann ... used by the kidnapper, giving evidence that Hauptmann built the ladder ...
Lehrgeschwader 1 - Commanding Officers - I.(k)LG 1 - IV. (Stuka)Gruppe/LG 1
... Günter Schwartzkopff 1 November 1938 – 1 June 1939 Hauptmann Peter Kögl, 1 June 1939 – 22 June 1940 Hauptmann Bernd von Brauchitsch, 22 June 1940 – 31 July 1940 ...
List Of German World War II Night Fighter Aces - German Night Fighter Aces
... ZG 1, NJG 1 — — Meurer, ManfredManfred Meurer* Hauptmann 65 ... NJG 1, NJG 5 killed in action 21 January 1944 — Radusch, GüntherGünther Radusch Oberst 65 ... ZG 1, NJG 1 ...
Hunterdon County Courthouse - "Trial of The Century"
... The trial of Hauptmann attracted sightseers to the courthouse and the attached jail ... Reilly was hired by the Daily Mirror to serve as Hauptmann's attorney ... In addition to Hauptmann's possession of the ransom money, the State introduced evidence showing a strong similarity between Hauptmann's handwriting and ...