Hasidic Judaism

Hasidic Judaism or Hasidism, from the Hebrew: חסידות‎—Ḥasidut in Sephardi Hebrew, Chasidus in Ashkenazi Hebrew and Yiddish, meaning "piety" (or "loving kindness"), is a branch of Orthodox Judaism that promotes spirituality through the popularisation and internalisation of Jewish mysticism as the fundamental aspects of the Jewish faith. It was founded in 18th-century Eastern Europe by Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov as a reaction against overly legalistic Judaism. His example began the characteristic veneration of leadership in Hasidism as embodiments and intercessors of Divinity for the followers. Opposite to this, Hasidic teachings cherished the sincerity and concealed holiness of the unlettered common folk, and their equality with the scholarly elite. The emphasis on the Immanent Divine presence in everything gave new value to prayer and deeds of kindness, alongside Rabbinic supremacy of study, and replaced historical mystical (kabbalistic) and ethical (musar) asceticism and admonishment with optimism, encouragement, and daily fervour. This populist emotional revival accompanied the elite ideal of nullification to paradoxical Divine Panentheism, through intellectual articulation of inner dimensions of mystical thought.

Hasidism comprises part of contemporary Ultra-Orthodox Judaism, alongside the previous Talmudic Lithuanian-Yeshiva approach and the Oriental Sephardi tradition. Its charismatic mysticism has inspired non-Orthodox Neo-Hasidic thinkers and influenced wider modern Jewish denominations, while its scholarly thought has interested contemporary academic study. Each Hasidic dynasty follows its own principles; thus Hasidic Judaism is not one movement, but a collection of separate individual groups with some commonality. There are approximately 30 larger Hasidic groups, and several hundred minor groups. Though there is no one version of Hasidism, individual Hasidic groups often share with each other underlying philosophy, worship practices, dress (borrowed from local cultures), and songs (borrowed from local cultures).

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Other articles related to "hasidic judaism, hasidic, judaism":

Hasidic Judaism - Hasidic Practice and Culture - Languages
... Films in Yiddish are being produced within the Hasidic community, and released immediately as DVDs (as opposed to the Yiddish movies of the past, which were produced ... Some Hasidic groups actively oppose the everyday use of Hebrew, which they considered a holy tongue ...
Diversity Within Orthodox Judaism - Streams of Orthodoxy
... These groups, broadly, comprise Modern Orthodox Judaism and Haredi Judaism, with most Hasidic Jewish groups falling into the latter category ... In this view, Orthodox Judaism can “be enriched” by its intersection with modernity further, “modern society creates opportunities to be productive citizens engaged in the Divine work of transforming ... Haredi Judaism advocates segregation from non-Jewish culture, although not from non-Jewish society entirely ...
Jewish Communities - History - Hasidism
... Hasidic Judaism was founded by Yisroel ben Eliezer (1700–1760), also known as the Ba'al Shem Tov (or Besht) ... His disciples attracted many followers they themselves established numerous Hasidic sects across Europe ... Hasidic Judaism eventually became the way of life for many Jews in Europe ...
Jewish Religious Movements - Background: Jewish Ethnic and Cultural Divisions - Hasidic Judaism
... Hasidic Judaism was founded by Israel ben Eliezer (1700–1760), also known as the Baal Shem Tov or the Besht (the Hebrew and Yiddish acronym of Baal Shem Tov) ... followers among Ashkenazi Jews, and established numerous Hasidic groups across Europe ... Hasidic Judaism eventually became the way of life for many Jews in Europe ...

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