Hamilcar (Punic-Phoenician ḥmlqrt, Canaanite Hebrew אחי-מלקרת, meaning brother of Melqart, a Tyrian god) was a common name in the Punic culture. There are several different transcriptions into Greek and Roman scripts. The ruling families of ancient Carthage often named their members with the traditional name Hamilcar. For example:
- Hamilcar the Magonid — Basileus (king) of Carthage
- Hamilcar, son of Hanno, led the Carthaginian forces at the Battle of Himera in 480 BC during the First Sicilian War
- Hamilcar — Punic strategus against Timoleon of Syracuse
- A brother of Gisco (3) and possibly brother of Hanno (9) with whom he was executed in the middle of the 4th century BC (Polyen. Strat. V 11)
- Hamilcar the Rhodian — Possibly Carthaginian spy in the entourage of Alexander the Great, executed when returning to Carthage.
- Hamilcar, son of Gisgo and grandson to Hanno the Great, led a campaign against Agathocles of Syracuse between 311 BC and 307 BC in the Third Sicilian War, before his capture and execution.
- Hamilcar — Strategus in Sicily and Punic Africa from 261 to 255 BC during the First Punic War. He is not identical with the homonym officer mentioned by Diod. XXIV 12. ELip
- Hamilcar was a Carthaginian commander whose greatest achievement was winning the Battle of Drepanum in 249 BC during the First Punic War.
- Hamilcar Barca (about 270 – 228 BC) served as a Carthaginian general during and after the First Punic War (264 – 241 BC). His son was famed general Hannibal of the Second Punic War.
The name has been adopted by many Mediterranean cultures. Amilcare was one of Benito Mussolini's given names, and was the forename of the composer Amilcare Ponchielli.
Other articles related to "hamilcar":
... Voiced by Tetsuo Kanao (Japanese), Kirk Thornton (English) Hamilcar Valca (ハミルカル・ヴァルカ, Hamirukaru Varuka?) is the father of Claus Valca ... His name was derived from the actual historical figure Hamilcar Barca, Carthaginian general during the First Punic War and father of the famous tactician Hannibal ...
... a critical time, he switched his allegiance to Hamilcar Barca of Carthage ... In 239 BC, he arrived at Hamilcar's camp with 2,000 horsemen ...
... Hamilcar I led the expedition to Sicily of 480 BCE Hanno The son of the Hamilcar who was killed at Himera in 480 BCE ... Himilco I (in Sicily) 460-410 BCE Hannibal I Grandson of Hamilcar and led the response to Segesta's call for help in 410 BCE Himilco II Laid siege to Syracuse 396 BCE ...
... military force under the leadership of the general Hamilcar ... Traditional accounts give Hamilcar's army a strength of three hundred thousand men though these are almost certainly exaggerated, it must nonetheless have been of formidable ... En route to Sicily, however, Hamilcar suffered losses (possibly severe) due to poor weather ...
... Hamilcar was a general who succeeded to the command of the Carthaginians in the First Punic War, and after successes at Therma and the Battle of Drepanum was defeated at Ecnomus (256 BCE) ... He is sometimes confused with the better known Hamilcar Barca, father of Hannibal ... Notable Carthaginians Ad Herbal Carthalo Dido Hamilcar (Drepanum) Hamilcar Barca Hannibal Barca Hannibal Gisco Hannibal Monomachus Hannibal the Rhodian Hanno the Elder Hanno the Great Hanno the Navigator ...