Guam (i/ˈɡwɑːm/; Chamorro: Guåhån) is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States located in the western Pacific Ocean. It is one of five U.S. territories with an established civilian government. Guam is listed as one of sixteen Non-Self-Governing Territories by the Special Committee on Decolonization of the United Nations. The island's capital is Hagåtña (formerly Agaña). Guam is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands.

The Chamorros, Guam's indigenous people, first populated the island approximately 4,000 years ago. The island has a long history of European colonialism, beginning with its discovery by Ferdinand Magellan during a Spanish expedition on March 6, 1521. The first colony was established in 1668 by Spain with the arrival of settlers including Padre San Vitores, a Catholic missionary. For more than two centuries Guam was an important stopover for the Spanish Manila Galleons that crossed the Pacific annually. The island was controlled by Spain until 1898, when it was surrendered to the United States during the Spanish-American War and later formally ceded as part of the Treaty of Paris.

As the largest island in Micronesia and the only U.S.-held island in the region before WW II, Guam was captured by the Japanese on December 8, 1941, just hours after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, and was occupied for two and a half years.

During the occupation, the people of Guam were subjected to acts that included torture, beheadings and rape, and were forced to adopt the Japanese culture. Guam was subject to fierce fighting when U.S. troops recaptured the island on July 21, 1944, a date commemorated every year as Liberation Day.

Today, Guam's economy is supported by its principal industry, tourism, which is composed primarily of visitors from Japan. Guam's second largest source of income is the United States military.

Read more about GuamHistory, Geography, Climate, Demographics, Culture, Government and Politics, Villages and Military Bases, Economy, Transportation and Communications, Health Care, Motion Pictures

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South Pacific Island Airways - Destinations - USA - Guam
... Agana, Guam - Antonio B ... Won Pat International Airport ...
Chamorro Time Zone - History
... Prior to 2000, Guam's standard time was based on territorial Public Law 5-25 (1959) which designated the time Guam Standard Time ... The law (Guam Code Annotated, Title 1, Section 1010) was established long before the Northern Mariana Islands came under U.S ...
Merizo - History
... During the first Spanish missionary efforts on Guam, Merizo was the site of resistance encouraged by Choco, a Chinese resident of the village ... The parish of Merizo was the second established by the Spanish on Guam ... A large population of Chamorros from the Mariana Islands north of Guam was relocated to the village during Spanish rule ...
Guam, Missouri
... Guam is an unincorporated community in Stoddard County, Missouri, United States ... Unincorporated communities Brownwood Grayridge Guam Idalia Leora Painton Coordinates 36°54′07″N 89°49′25″W / 36.90194°N 89.82361°W / 36.90194 -89.82361 ...
Bob Beck
1944 – May 24, 2008) was a zoologist and conservationist, who worked to save Guam's indigenous native birds from 1982 to 2003 ... Beck championed the fight to save Guam's native birds, such as the Mariana Crow, Rufous Fantail, Guam Flycatcher, Marianas kingfisher and the Guam Rail, known locally as ko'ko ... The Rufous Fantail and the Guam Flycatcher listed above are now extinct in the wild in their native Guam ...