Greenland (Kalaallisut: Kalaallit Nunaat) is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically and culturally associated with Europe (specifically Norway and later Denmark) for more than a millennium. In 2008, the people of Greenland supported a referendum on greater autonomy by 75%. Greenland is, by area, the world's largest island. With a population of 56,749 (2012 estimate), it is the least densely populated dependency or country in the world.

Greenland has been inhabited, though not continuously, by Arctic peoples via Canada for 4,500 to 5,000 years. In the 10th century, Norsemen settled on the uninhabited southern part of Greenland. In the 13th century, the Inuit arrived, and in the late 15th century, the Norse colonies disappeared. In the early 18th century, contact between Scandinavia and Greenland was re-established and Denmark established rule over Greenland.

Greenland became a Danish colony in 1814 after being under the rule of Denmark-Norway for centuries. With the Constitution of Denmark of 1953, Greenland became part of the Danish Realm in a relationship known in Danish as Rigsfællesskabet (Commonwealth of the Realm). In 1979, Denmark granted home rule to Greenland, and in 2008, Greenland voted to transfer more power from the Danish royal government to the local Greenlandic government. This became effective the following year on June 21, 2009, with the Danish royal government in charge of foreign affairs, security (defence-police-justice), and financial policy, and providing a subsidy of DKK 3.4 billion. This subsidy will gradually diminish over time as Greenland's own economy is expected to become stronger due to income from resource extraction.

Read more about Greenland:  Etymology, Government, Geography and Climate, Economy, Transportation, Demographics, Culture

Other articles related to "greenland":

Association Football In Greenland - Club Football
... Coca Cola GM is the top football division in Greenland ... played in 1958 it has been organized by the Football Association of Greenland since 1971 ... There has also been a campaign in recent years to enter a Greenland team into the Danish Superliga ...
Climate Change In The Arctic - Effects - Melting of The Greenland Ice Sheet
... of about 5 centimetres (2 in) from melting in Greenland during the 21st century ... It is also predicted that Greenland will become warm enough by 2100 to begin an almost complete melt during the next 1,000 years or more ...
Michael Dacher - Climbs - Greenland
1970 Greenland, inland ice crossing from west to east (Nansen route) with Franz Martin Persondata Name Dacher, Michael Alternative names Short description mountaineer, extreme climber Date ...
Thyra Prinsesse Ø
... Prinsesse Thyra Ø is uninhabited island of Greenland with an area of 295 km2 ... It belongs to the county of North Greenland and is located in Greenland National Park north-east ...

Famous quotes containing the word greenland:

    I was the toast of two continents: Greenland and Australia.
    Dorothy Parker (1893–1967)