Grain Elevator

In the grain trade, a grain elevator is a tower containing a bucket elevator or a pneumatic conveyor, which scoops up grain from a lower level and deposits it in a silo or other storage facility. In most cases, the term "grain elevator" also covers the entire elevator complex, including receiving and testing offices, weighbridges, storage facilities etc. It may also mean organizations that operate or control several individual elevators, in different locations. In Australia the term grain elevator refers to the lifting mechanism only (see "usage" below).

Prior to the advent of the grain elevator, grain was usually handled in bags rather than in bulk (large quantities of loose grain). The elevator was invented by a merchant named Joseph Dart and an engineer named Robert Dunbar during 1842–43, in Buffalo, New York. Using the steam-powered flour mills of Oliver Evans as their model, they invented the marine leg, which scooped loose grain out of the hulls of ships and elevated it to the top of a marine tower.

Early grain elevators and bins were often constructed of framed or cribbed wood, and were prone to fire. Grain elevator bins, tanks and silos are now usually constructed of steel or reinforced concrete. Bucket elevators are used to lift grain to a distributor or consignor, from where it falls through spouts and/or conveyors and into one of a number of bins, silos or tanks in a facility. When desired, silos, bins and tanks are emptied by gravity flow, sweep augers and conveyors. As grain is emptied from bins, tanks and silos it is conveyed, blended and weighted into trucks, railroad cars or barges, and shipped to grain wholesalers, exporters and/or local end-users, such as flour mills, breweries and ethanol or alcohol distilleries.

Read more about Grain Elevator:  Usage and Definitions, History, Elevator Row, Elevator Companies, Notable Grain Elevators, Elevator Explosions, Media

Other articles related to "elevator, grain elevator, grain elevators, grain":

List Of Tallest Buildings In Buffalo - Tallest Buildings
... Martyr (Buffalo, New York) 217 / 24 ... Wheeler Elevator 207 / 13 ... Also known as "Agway/GLF East Work House" 25 Concrete-Central Elevator 207 / 7. 1915. 160 / 45 ... General Mills Plant 160 / 12 ... Also known as "The Frontier Elevator" 46 First Niagara Center 157 / 1996 ... Previously "HSBC arena" 47 Buffalo City Court. 154 / 1910 ... Also known as "Spencer Kellogg Elevator" 49 Perot Malting Elevator 151 / 1933 ... Also known as "American Malting Elevator", "Genesee Brewing Elevator ...
The Lonesome Place - Plot
... The lonesome place is an old grain elevator surrounded by tall trees and many piles of wood from the lumber yard that surrounds it ... have their own hair-raising stories of going past the lumber yard and grain elevator at night ... When the grain elevator is torn down and the boys are all grown up and become less fearful of the Lonesome Place, the monster waits for other fearful ...
Milford Lake - Project History
... contract for the removal of the Alida Cooperative grain elevator ... Originally a local chiropractor sought to gain permission to develop the grain elevator into a hotel with a restaurant ... Corps of Engineers studies showed that the base of the elevator would not support the structure after the lake inundated it ...
Grain Elevator - Media
... Canadian Prairie grain elevators were the subjects of the National Film Board of Canada documentaries Grain Elevator and Death of a Skyline ...
Silo Point
... Silo Point, formerly known as the Baltimore and Ohio Locust Point Grain Terminal Elevator, is a high-rise grain elevator on the edge of the Locust Point neighborhood in Baltimore, Maryland ... It is one of the largest grain elevators to be constructed in the early 20th century ... The grain elevator rises to 310 feet (94 meters), containing 24 floors and 228 rooms ...

Famous quotes containing the words elevator and/or grain:

    The cigar-box which the European calls a “lift” needs but to be compared with our elevators to be appreciated. The lift stops to reflect between floors. That is all right in a hearse, but not in elevators. The American elevator acts like the man’s patent purge—it works
    Mark Twain [Samuel Langhorne Clemens] (1835–1910)

    Indigenous to Minnesota, and almost completely ignored by its people, are the stark, unornamented, functional clusters of concrete—Minnesota’s grain elevators. These may be said to express unconsciously all the principles of modernism, being built for use only, with little regard for the tenets of esthetic design.
    —Federal Writers’ Project Of The Wor, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)