Global Climate Model

Global Climate Model

A general circulation model (GCM) is a mathematical model of the general circulation of a planetary atmosphere or ocean and based on the Navier–Stokes equations on a rotating sphere with thermodynamic terms for various energy sources (radiation, latent heat). These equations are the basis for complex computer programs commonly used for simulating the atmosphere or ocean of the Earth. Atmospheric and oceanic GCMs (AGCM and OGCM) are key components of global climate models along with sea ice and land-surface components. GCMs and global climate models are widely applied for weather forecasting, understanding the climate, and projecting climate change. Versions designed for decade to century time scale climate applications were originally created by Syukuro Manabe and Kirk Bryan at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory in Princeton, New Jersey. These computationally intensive numerical models are based on the integration of a variety of fluid dynamical, chemical, and sometimes biological equations.

Read more about Global Climate ModelNote On Nomenclature, History: General Circulation Models, Atmospheric Vs Oceanic Models, Modelling Trends, Model Structure, Projections of Future Climate Change, Relation To Weather Forecasting, Computations Involved, Climate Modellers

Other articles related to "global climate model, climate, climate models, model":

Global Climate Model - Climate Modellers
... A climate modeller is a person who designs, develops, implements, tests, maintains or exploits climate models ... There are three major types of institutions where a climate modeller may be found In a national meteorological service ... Departments that may have climate modellers on staff include atmospheric sciences, meteorology, climatology, or geography, amongst others ...
Brazzaville - Climate
... like neighboring Kinshasa, features a tropical wet and dry climate ... Climate data for Brazzaville Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 34 (93) 35 (95) 37 (99) 35 (95) 36 (97) 34 (93) 32 (90) 34 (93) 35 (95) 36 (97) 36 (97 ...
EdGCM
... The Educational Global Climate Model or EdGCM is a fully functional global climate model (GCM) that has been ported for use on desktop computers (Windows PCs and Macs) ... permit teachers and students to conduct in-depth investigations of past, present and future climate scenarios in a manner that is essentially identical to the techniques used by national ... The Global Climate Model at the core of EdGCM is referred to in the scientific literature as the GISS Model II ...
Climate Change - Climate Models
... See also Climate models and Climatology Climate models use quantitative methods to simulate the interactions of the atmosphere, oceans, land surface and ice ... of purposes from study of the dynamics of the weather and climate system to projections of future climate ... All climate models balance, or very nearly balance, incoming energy as short wave (including visible) electromagnetic radiation to the earth with outgoing energy as long wave (infrared ...
Zhytomyr - Geography - Climate
... Climate data for Zhytomyr Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 5.0 (41.0) 5.0 (41.0) 12.0 (53.6) 22.0 (71.6) 27.0 (80.6) 29.0 (84.2) 32.0 (89.6) 31.0 (87.8) 27.0 (80.6 ...

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