Gary Gygax

Gary Gygax

Ernest Gary Gygax ( /ˈɡaɪɡæks/ GY-gaks; July 27, 1938 – March 4, 2008) was an American writer and game designer best known for co-creating the pioneering role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons (D&D) with Dave Arneson. Gygax has been described as the father of Dungeons & Dragons.

In the 1960s, Gygax created an organization of wargaming clubs and founded the Gen Con gaming convention. In 1971, he helped develop Chainmail, a miniatures wargame based on medieval warfare. He co-founded the company Tactical Studies Rules (TSR, Inc.) with childhood friend Don Kaye in 1973. The following year, he and Dave Arneson created Dungeons & Dragons, which expanded on his work on Chainmail and included elements of the fantasy stories he loved as a child. In the same year, he founded The Dragon, a magazine based around the new game. In 1977, Gygax began work on a more comprehensive version of the game, called Advanced Dungeons & Dragons. Gygax designed numerous manuals for the game system, as well as several pre-packaged adventures called "modules" that gave a person running a D&D game (the "Dungeon Master") a rough script and ideas on how to run a particular gaming scenario. In 1983, he worked to license the D&D product line into the successful Dungeons & Dragons cartoon series.

After leaving TSR in 1985 over issues with its new majority owner, Gygax continued to create role-playing game titles independently, beginning with the multi-genre Dangerous Journeys in 1992. He designed another gaming system called Lejendary Adventure, released in 1999. In 2005, Gygax was involved in the Castles & Crusades role-playing game, which was conceived as a hybrid between D&D's third edition and the original version of the game conceived by Gygax.

Gygax was married twice and had six children. In 2004, he suffered two strokes, narrowly avoided a subsequent heart attack, and was then diagnosed with an abdominal aortic aneurysm, from which he died in March 2008.

Read more about Gary Gygax:  Early Life and Inspiration, Wargames, TSR, After TSR, Personal Life, Awards and Honors

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List Of Dungeons & Dragons Rulebooks - Original Dungeons & Dragons
... Title Authors Date Pages ISBN Original Dungeons Dragons Gary Gygax, Dave Arneson 1974 unknown ISBN unknown The original Dungeons Dragons was published in 1974 as a boxed set ... as a setting supplement, but rather featured rules used in Gary Gygax's Greyhawk campaign ... It was published in 1975 by TSR, Inc Eldritch Wizardry Gary Gygax, Brian Blume 60 ... ISBN unknown Eldritch Wizardry was the third supplement for the ...
Oriental Adventures - Advanced Dungeons & Dragons
... Oriental Adventures Author(s) Gary Gygax, David "Zeb" Cook, and François Marcela-Froideval Genre(s) Role-playing game Publisher TSR Publication date 1985 Media type Print (Hardback ... Gary Gygax intended to incorporate the material from Oriental Adventures into revised versions of the Players Handbook and Dungeon Masters Guide, but left TSR shortly after announcing the project ...
Gary Gygax - Awards and Honors
... As the "father of role-playing games", Gygax received many awards, honors, and tributes related to gaming He was inducted into the Academy of Adventure Gaming Arts Design ... Sync magazine named Gygax number one on the list of "The 50 Biggest Nerds of All Time" ... In 1999 Pyramid magazine named Gygax as one of "The Millennium's Most Influential Persons" "in the realm of adventure gaming." Gygax was tied with J ...
Troll Lord Games - Publications By Year
... war (d20) The Fantastic Adventure (d20) The Mortality of Green (d20) The Codex of Erde (d20) 2002 Gary Gygax's The Canting Crew (GFW Vol ... Adventure) The Lost City of Gaxmoor (d20) Winter Runes (d20) Bergholt (d20) Gary Gygax's World Builder (GFW Vol ... II) (d20/Lejendary Adventure) 2003 Gary Gygax's Living Fantasy (GFW Vol ...