Garry Kasparov

Garry Kasparov

Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Russian: Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров, ; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian (formerly Soviet) chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, writer and political activist, considered by many to be the greatest chess player of all time.

Kasparov became the youngest ever undisputed World Chess Champion in 1985 at the age of 22 by defeating then-champion Anatoly Karpov. He held the official FIDE world title until 1993, when a dispute with FIDE led him to set up a rival organization, the Professional Chess Association. He continued to hold the "Classical" World Chess Championship until his defeat by Vladimir Kramnik in 2000. He was the first world champion to lose a match to a computer under standard time controls, when he lost to Deep Blue in 1997.

Kasparov's ratings achievements include being rated world No. 1 according to Elo rating almost continuously from 1986 until his retirement in 2005 and holding the all-time highest rating of 2851. He was the world No. 1 ranked player for 255 months, nearly three times as long as his closest rival, Anatoly Karpov. Kasparov also holds records for consecutive tournament victories and Chess Oscars.

Kasparov announced in Linares, Jaén his retirement from professional chess on 10 March 2005, to devote his time to politics and writing. He formed the United Civil Front movement, and joined as a member of The Other Russia, a coalition opposing the administration and policies of Vladimir Putin. He was considered to become a candidate for the 2008 Russian presidential race, but later withdrew. Although he is widely regarded in the West as a symbol of opposition to Putin, support for him as a candidate was low.

Read more about Garry KasparovEarly Career, Toward The Top, 1984 World Championship, World Champion, Break With and Ejection From FIDE, Losing The Title and Aftermath, Retirement From Chess, Politics, Chess Ratings Achievements, Olympiads and Other Major Team Events, Other Records, Tabulation Number of Wins in Major Recurring Chess Tournaments, Books

Other articles related to "garry kasparov, kasparov":

Mig Greengard - Journalism
... Dirt", in which he had often passed on comments from Garry Kasparov ... Greengard was vice president of content for Kasparov Chess Online and editor-in-chief of from 1999 until the site's demise in 2002 ... Since 1999 Greengard has worked with former World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov including being the editor of the official English website of the party in which Kasparov is active, The Other Russia ...
Chess Software - Chronology
1989, Deep Thought loses two exhibition games to Garry Kasparov, the reigning world champion ... defeated a World Champion (Garry Kasparov) at a non blitz time limit 1996, Deep Blue loses a six-game match against Garry Kasparov. 1997, Deep Blue wins a six-game match against Garry Kasparov ...
My Great Predecessors
... My Great Predecessors is a series of chess books written by World Champion Garry Kasparov ... My Great Predecessors series are about the players who preceded Kasparov in being official World Champions ... that covers developments in the 1970s and Kasparov's games with Anatoly Karpov ...
Chess Software - Computers Versus Humans
... considerably below World Championship Level, as the then reigning world champion Garry Kasparov demonstrated in two sterling wins in 1989 ... It was not until a 1996 match with IBM's Deep Blue that Kasparov lost his first game to a computer at tournament time controls in Deep Blue - Kasparov, 1996, Game 1 ... However, Kasparov regrouped to win three and draw two of the remaining five games of the match, for a convincing victory ...
Garry Kasparov - Books
... Batsford Ltd) The Queen's Indian Defence Kasparov System (1991, B.T ... Batsford Ltd) Kasparov Versus Karpov, 1990 (1991, Everyman Chess) Kasparov on the King's Indian (1993, B.T ... Batsford Ltd) Garry Kasparov's Chess Challenge (1996, Everyman Chess) Lessons in Chess (1997, Everyman Chess) Kasparov Against the World The Story of the Greatest Online Challenge (2000 ...