Francisco de Montejo y Alvarez (c. 1479 in Salamanca – c. 1553 in Spain) was a Spanish conquistador in Mexico and Central America.
Francisco de Montejo was born in Salamanca, Spain, in 1479 to Juan de Montejo and Catalina Alvarez de Tejeda. He left Spain in 1514, and arrived in Cuba in time to join Grijalva's expedition along the coast of Yucatán and the Gulf of Mexico. There he had the rank of Captain, and command of 4 ships. On his return to Cuba, he joined with Hernan Cortes and as part of that expedition, helped found the city of La Rica Villa de la Vera Cruz (today Veracruz) in Mexico. Cortes then sent him as an envoy back to Spain in 1519 to report on the expedition. While in Spain Montejo married Beatriz de Herrera.
In December 1526 the Spanish King, Carlos I, issued a royal decree naming Montejo Adelantado and Capitan General of Yucatán. He returned to Yucatán in 1528, and attempted to conquer it along the east coast (Tulum, Chetumal) but was driven back by the ferocity of the resistance of the Maya living along this coast. In 1530 he decided to try conquering Yucatán from the west, and began by pacifying what is today the modern Mexican state of Tabasco. From 1531–1535 he tried unsuccessfully to conquer western Yucatán, with some successes but in 1535 his forces were driven from Yucatán. In 1533, Montejo received a royal decree giving him permission to conquer Puerto Caballos and Naco in Honduras. This put him in conflict with Pedro de Alvarado, who had received a similar decree in 1532. This only became an issue after Alvarado declared he had conquered and pacified the province of Honduras in 1536. Alvarado continued as Governor of Honduras until 1540, although he was recalled to Spain in 1537.
In 1540, the Spanish King awarded the Governorship of Honduras to Montejo, and he traveled to Gracias a Dios to install an administration loyal to him.
It would fall to Montejo's son, Francisco de Montejo ("el Mozo") (born 1502, died 1565), to conquer Yucatán. He founded the city of Campeche in 1540, and Mérida in 1542. In 1546, the elder Montejo assumed the title of Governor and Captain General of Yucatán. However, by 1550 complaints about him caused him to be recalled to Spain where he died in 1553.
Montejo was survived by his eponymous son, and a daughter, Catalina Montejo y Herrera.
Other articles related to "francisco de montejo, de, de montejo":
1526 - 1540 Francisco de Montejo (First time) 1540 - 1546 Francisco de Montejo, El Mozo (the younger) 1546 - 1549 Francisco de Montejo (Second time) 1549 - 1565 The Alcaldes of Mérida 1565 - 1571 Luis ...
... Honduras in Central America during the 1530s, when he led resistance to Francisco de Montejo's attempts to conquer and incorporate the region into the province of Honduras ... The first, by Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas (appearing in Historia general de los hechos de los castellanos.. ... The Spaniards, on instruction from their Governor, Francisco de Montejo, attacked him at Cerquin, near Gracias a Dios ...
... (1526 - 1540) Francisco de Montejo ... (1540 - 1546) Francisco de Montejo y León "el Mozo" ... (1546 - 1549) Francisco de Montejo ...
... There were three Spanish conquistadors named "Francisco de Montejo" Francisco de Montejo "el Adelantado" ("The Lieutenant", the eldest), Francisco de Montejo y Le ... Mérida was founded in 1542 by Francisco de Montejo y León ("el Mozo") and named after the town of Mérida in Extremadura, Spain ... homes still line the main avenue called Paseo de Montejo, though few are occupied today by individual families ...
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