Foreign Protestants

The "Foreign Protestants" were a group of immigrants to Nova Scotia in the mid-18th century and the ethnonymic basis behind the name "New Brunswick", as well as support behind naming "Prince Edward Island" for a representative of the Braunschweiger dynasty.

In 1749, the British colony of Nova Scotia was almost completely populated by native Mi'kmaq and 10,000 French-speaking and Roman Catholic Acadians. The British, the specifically the Board of Trade, wanted to settle Protestants in the region. Attracting British immigrants was difficult as most preferred to go to the warmer southern colonies. Thus, a plan was developed to aggressively recruit foreign Protestants. These came mostly from German duchies and principalities on the Upper Rhine in the present-day Rhineland-Palatinate bundesländer. The duchy of Württemberg was the major source, but there were also "Foreign Protestants" from the present day Tripoint of France, Germany and Switzerland. They came from Montbéliard in France, and parts of Switzerland and the Netherlands.

This recruiting drive was led by John Dick, who was quite successful. The British government agreed to provide free passage to the colony, as well as free land and one year's rations upon arrival. Over 2,000 of the "Foreign Protestants" arrived between 1750 and 1752, in 11 ships:

  • Aldernay/Nancy (1750)
  • Ann (1750)
  • Gale (1751)
  • Speedwell (1751)
  • Pearl (1751)
  • Murdoch (1751)
  • Speedwell (1752)
  • Betty (1752)
  • Sally (1752)
  • Pearl (1752)
  • Gale (1752)

The immigrants disembarked at Halifax, where they were put in temporary quarters. The Foreign Protestants stayed at Halifax to assist the British in building this new outpost. They had to wait for their promised lands. There were no other colonies at that time except for the French ones.

Most of the foreign Protestants settled along the South Shore between Liverpool and Halifax. The area is still inhabited by their descendants, and last names like Ritcey, Joudrey, Bruhm, Fralick, Hirtle, Ernst, Vogler, Creaser, Schmidt (anglicised to Smith), or the various ways to spell Rhodeniser are common. Many towns such as Lunenburg bear distinctly German names. While places adapted to the cultural and business requirements including Bridgewater and Riverport. Many of the names of islands, beaches, and points like Kingsburg are also German.

Read more about Foreign Protestants:  See Also

Other articles related to "foreign protestants, protestant, protestants":

Aspotogan Peninsula - History: Eighteenth Century - Foreign Protestants
... strain of immigrants to settle the Aspotogan Peninsula was Foreign Protestants, both German and French speaking ... founding of Halifax in 1749, Nova Scotia was a British Protestant colony with only Catholic Acadian settlers ... the Catholic Acadians, the British invited Protestants from across Europe to settle in Nova Scotia ...
Lunenburg, Nova Scotia - History - Foreign Protestants - The Hoffman Insurrection
... and encouragement from Le Loutre, a number of the French and German-speaking Foreign Protestants left the village to join the Acadian communities ...

Famous quotes containing the words protestants and/or foreign:

    America is a hurricane, and the only people who do not hear the sound are those fortunate if incredibly stupid and smug White Protestants who live in the center, in the serene eye of the big wind.
    Norman Mailer (b. 1923)

    I am tired of loving a foreign muse.
    Stephen Vincent Benét (1898–1943)