European Union - Demographics

Demographics

The combined population of all 27 member states was forecast at 503,679,730 as of 1 January 2012.

Largest population centres of European Union
Larger Urban Zones, according to Eurostat
Rank City name State Pop.

London


Paris

1 London United Kingdom 11,905,500
Madrid


Berlin

2 Paris France 11,532,409
3 Madrid Spain 5,804,829
4 Berlin Germany 4,971,331
5 Barcelona Spain 4,440,629
6 Athens Greece 4,013,368
7 Rome Italy 3,457,690
8 Hamburg Germany 3,134,620
9 Milan Italy 3,076,643
10 Katowice Poland 2,710,397


The EU contains 16 cities with populations of over one million, the largest being London.

Besides many large cities, the EU also includes several densely populated regions that have no single core but have emerged from the connection of several cites and now encompass large metropolitan areas. The largest are Rhine-Ruhr having approximately 11.5 million inhabitants (Cologne, Dortmund, Düsseldorf et al.), Randstad approx. 7 million (Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht et al.), Frankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region approx. 5.8 million (Frankfurt, Wiesbaden et al.), the Flemish diamond approx. 5.5 million (urban area in between Antwerp, Brussels, Leuven and Ghent), Katowice and its Upper Silesian metropolitan area approx. 5.3 million and the Øresund Region approx. 3.7 million (Copenhagen, Denmark and Malmö, Sweden).

In 2010, 47.3 million people lived in the EU, who were born outside their resident country. This corresponds to 9.4% of the total EU population. Of these, 31.4 million (6.3%) were born outside the EU and 16.0 million (3.2%) were born in another EU member state. The largest absolute numbers of people born outside the EU were in Germany (6.4 million), France (5.1 million), the United Kingdom (4.7 million), Spain (4.1 million), Italy (3.2 million), and the Netherlands (1.4 million).

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