Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto ("Esperanto" translates as "one who hopes"), the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, on July 26, 1887. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy-to-learn and politically neutral language that transcends nationality and would foster peace and international understanding between people with different regional and/or national languages.

Estimates of Esperanto speakers range from 10,000 to 2,000,000 active or fluent speakers, as well as perhaps a thousand native speakers, that is, people who learned Esperanto from birth as one of their native languages. Esperanto has a notable presence in over a hundred countries. Usage is highest in Europe, East Asia, and South America. The first World Congress of Esperanto was organized in France in 1905. Since then congresses have been held in various countries every year with the exception of years in which there were world wars. Although no country has adopted Esperanto officially, Esperanto was recommended by the French Academy of Sciences in 1921 and recognized in 1954 by UNESCO (which later, in 1985, also recommended it to its member states). In 2007 Esperanto was the 32nd language that adhered to the "Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment (CEFR)". Esperanto is currently the language of instruction of the International Academy of Sciences in San Marino. There is evidence that learning Esperanto may provide a superior foundation for learning languages in general, and some primary schools teach it as preparation for learning other foreign languages. On February 22, 2012, Google Translate added Esperanto as its 64th language.

Read more about Esperanto:  Official Use, Education, Criticism, Modifications, Eponymous Entities

Other articles related to "esperanto":

List Of Esperanto Organizations - Other Associations - Religion
... Atheism World Atheist Esperanto Organisation (Ateista Tutmonda Esperanto-Organizo, ATEO) Bahá'í Bahá'í Esperanto-League (Bahaa Esperanto-Ligo',' BEL) Buddhism Buddhist ... ASISTI) Unitarian Universalist Unitarian Universalist Esperanto Network ("Unitara-universalista Esperanto Retaro" UUER) Won Buddhism Won Buddhist Esperanto Association (Esperantista Asocio ...
Semajno De Kulturo Internacia
... Semajno de Kulturo Internacia (meaning Week of International Culture, in Esperanto often named SKI) is a week-long happening organised without a fixed schedule by the Italian Esperanto Youth (helped by ... from all over the world, who are taken care for by the Italian Esperanto Youth and are hosted by the local authorities, and local students from primary and high schools ... are also organised, such as concerts (during the first edition there were concerts by the Esperanto-musicians Gianfranco Molle kaj Piero Nissim), theatral performances (Mario ...
List Of Esperanto Organizations - World Esperanto Association - National Associations Linked To The UEA - Oceania
... Australia Australian Esperanto Association (Aŭstralia Esperanto-Asocio AEA) New Zealand New Zealand Esperanto Association (Nov-Zelanda Esperanto-Asocio NZEA) ...
Esperanto - Eponymous Entities
... There are many geographical and astronomical features named after Esperanto, or after its creator L ... These include Esperanto Island in Zed Islands off Livingston Island, and the asteroids 1421 Esperanto and 1462 Zamenhof discovered by Finnish astronomer and Esperantist Yrjö Väisälä ...
Louis Bastien (Esperantist) - Esperanto
... Bastien became an Esperantist in 1902 and busied himself with promoting Esperanto, first in the north of France, then in the east of the country ... Having attended the first World Congress of Esperanto (Boulogne-sur-Mer, France, in 1905), he became vice-president of the Société pour la propagation de l'Esp ... a member of the Lingva Komitato (now known as the Esperanto Academy) ...

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