The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (Roundheads) and Royalists (Cavaliers). The first (1642–46) and second (1648–49) civil wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament, while the third war (1649–51) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The Civil War ended with the Parliamentary victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.
The English Civil War led to the trial and execution of Charles I, the exile of his son, Charles II, and replacement of English monarchy with, first, the Commonwealth of England (1649–53), and then with a Protectorate (1653–59), under Oliver Cromwell's personal rule. The monopoly of the Church of England on Christian worship in England ended with the victors consolidating the established Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland. Constitutionally, the wars established the precedent that an English monarch cannot govern without Parliament's consent, although this concept was legally established only with the Glorious Revolution later in the century.
Read more about English Civil War: Terminology, The First English Civil War, The Second English Civil War, Trial of Charles I For Treason, Political Control, Casualties, Popular Gains, Aftermath, Historiography and Explanations of The English Civil War, Re-enactments
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... — Wiltshire native who fought for the royalists in the English Civil War, Williamite War in Ireland and War of the Spanish Succession ...
... Beeston Castle was involved in the Second Barons' War (1264–1265) when it was captured by Prince Edward from Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester ... In the English Civil War it was captured by the Parliamentarians and then recaptured by the Royalists before being slighted in 1646 to render its defences useless ... castle walls, and a new gatehouse all added in the 13th century, during the Welsh Wars ...
... societies exist, The Sealed Knot and The English Civil War Society, which regularly re-enact events and battles of the Civil War in full period costume ...
... in the Parliamentarian army during the English Civil War, and a Puritan preacher Kemeys, CharlesSir Charles Kemeys, 2nd Baronet 1632 DNG — Royalist who fought ... who fought for various European countries (switching sides in the Seven Years' War) and whose writings on military theory were studied by George Washington and George S. 1947 ... BA Mathematics (1st) Studies interrupted by military service during the Second World War, during which he won the Military Cross later became Professor of Mathematics at Amherst College in ...
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