Easter (Old English: Ēostre) or the Pasch or (among Eastern Orthodox) Pascha (Latin: Pascha; Greek: Πάσχα, Paskha; Aramaic: פַּסחא‎ Pasḥa; from Hebrew: פֶּסַח‎ Pesaḥ) is a Christian festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his crucifixion at Calvary as described in the New Testament. Easter is the culmination of the Passion of Christ, preceded by Lent, a forty-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance. The last week of Lent is called Holy Week, and it contains the days of the Easter Triduum, including Maundy Thursday, commemorating Maundy and the Last Supper, as well as Good Friday, commemorating the crucifixion and death of Jesus. Easter is followed by a fifty-day period called Eastertide or the Easter Season, ending with Pentecost Sunday. The festival is referred to in English by a variety of different names including Easter Day, Easter Sunday, Resurrection Day and Resurrection Sunday.

Easter is a moveable feast, meaning it is not fixed in relation to the civil calendar. The First Council of Nicaea (325) established the date of Easter as the first Sunday after the full moon (the Paschal Full Moon) following the northern hemisphere's vernal equinox. Ecclesiastically, the equinox is reckoned to be on 21 March (even though the equinox occurs, astronomically speaking, on 20 March in most years), and the "Full Moon" is not necessarily the astronomically correct date. The date of Easter therefore varies between 22 March and 25 April. Eastern Christianity bases its calculations on the Julian calendar whose 21 March corresponds, during the 21st century, to 3 April in the Gregorian calendar, in which the celebration of Easter therefore varies between 4 April and 8 May.

Easter is linked to the Jewish Passover by much of its symbolism, as well as by its position in the calendar. In many languages, the words for "Easter" and "Passover" are etymologically related or homonymous. Easter customs vary across the Christian world, but attending sunrise services, exclaiming the Paschal greeting, clipping the church and decorating Easter eggs, a symbol of the empty tomb, are common motifs. Additional customs include egg hunting, the Easter Bunny, and Easter parades, which are observed by both Christians and some non-Christians.

Read more about Easter:  Theological Significance, In The Early Church, Date, Religious Observance, Non-observing Christian Groups, Easter Celebrations Around The World, Easter Movies

Other articles related to "easter":

Thomas Barthel - Published Works
... "The 'Talking Boards' of Easter Island." Scientific American, 19861-68 1971 ... The Eighth Land The Polynesian Discovery Settlement of Easter Island ... in Esen-Baur, Heide-Margaret (ed.), State and Perspectives of Scientific Research in Easter Island Culture ...
Anne Easter Smith
... Anne Easter Smith is an English-American historical novelist. 8, Nick Easter ... As a Ricardian, Anne Easter Smith's novels show a more sympathetic treatment of Richard III than Shakespeare's famous play - but Shakespeare was writing under the reign of the ...
Easter, 1916 - Interpretation
... turned out to be prescient, as the execution of the leaders of the Easter Rising by the British had the opposite effect to that intended ... to describe in greater detail the key figures involved in the Easter uprising, alluding to them without actually listing names ... In Yeats's description of the three, his torn feelings about the Easter uprising are most keenly communicated ...
Charles Carrigan - Easter Rising
... On Easter Monday, 24 April 1916, the overseas contingents including the Scottish Division and the North American based Hibernian Rifles participated of ...
... place in the Greek city of Kalamata during Easter ... that the celebration takes place during Easter week, whereas most historians agree that the events the traditional songs refer to did not occur during that time of year ... Easter celebration is often connected with fires so the celebration's roots can be traced back to the first Christian societies ...

Famous quotes containing the word easter:

    In your Easter bonnet, with all the frills upon it,
    You’ll be the grandest lady in the Easter parade.
    Irving Berlin (1888–1989)

    Why wont they let a year die without bringing in a new one on the instant, cant they use birth control on time? I want an interregnum. The stupid years patter on with unrelenting feet, never stopping—rising to little monotonous peaks in our imaginations at festivals like New Year’s and Easter and Christmas—But, goodness, why need they do it?
    John Dos Passos (1896–1970)