East Germany

The German Democratic Republic (GDR; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik or DDR), informally known in English as East Germany, was a socialist state established by the Soviet Union in 1949 out of the Soviet zone of occupied Germany, including East Berlin of the Allied-occupied capital city. The GDR had an area of 107,771 km2 (41,610 mi2), bordering Czechoslovakia to the south, West Germany to the south and west, Poland to the east, and the Baltic Sea to the north. East Germany ceased to exist when its federal states were re-established and acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany on 3 October 1990 (see German reunification).

East Germany has often been described as one of several satellite states of the Soviet Union. Some East Germans saw the state as illegitimate, artificial, a Stalinist puppet regime, and they opposed the dominance of the Socialist Unity Party while viewing West Germany as more socially and politically 'attractive'. Some East Germans regularly referred to the Socialist Unity Party as "the Russian party". The combination of the state's perceived illegitimacy by East Germans and economic problems resulted in 2.7 million East Germans violating the DDR ban on leaving the country by going to West Germany in the 1950s. Frontier barriers were constructed to prevent further depopulation caused by emigration to West Germany. These barriers held no military value beyond migration control as they were too weak to withstand a potential NATO invasion. The most prominent frontier barrier was the Berlin Wall, constructed in 1961, which finally closed the loop hole in the East German border between East Berlin and West Berlin. Those who did attempt to flee across the border risked their lives as East German Border Guards were authorised to use lethal force against escapees, resulting in over 100 deaths. In 1989 a non-violent revolution called for the end of the East German communist government. The Soviet Union, under the reformist leadership of Mikhail Gorbachev, refused to intervene on the basis of his policy to de-escalate the Cold War and let East Germany resolve its own crisis. The revolution toppled the communist government and the country soon reunited with West Germany, bringing to an end over 40 years of division and reunifying the nation into a single Germany.

Read more about East GermanyNaming Conventions, History, Politics, Military, Administrative Districts, Population, Economy, Religion, Culture, Telecommunications, Holidays, Ostalgie

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LGBT In Germany - Progression in East Germany (1949–1990)
... East Germany inherited the anti-gay law Paragraph 175 ... In the five years following the Uprising of 1953 in East Germany, the GDR government instituted a program of "moral reform" to build a solid foundation for ... to the social and political health of the nation." In East Germany, Paragraph 175 ceased to be enforced in 1957 but remained on the books until 1968 ...
Shershen Class Torpedo Boat - Ships - Export
... East Germany 18 boats, The East German boats were delivered without the depth charge racks ... East Germany’s Volksmarine used the type heavily, and kept them in service alongside their intended replacements, the Osa I class missile boats ... to decommission in 1984 and the last four were withdrawn in early 1990, eight months before East Germany itself collapsed ...
LGBT In Germany - Law Regarding Same-sex Sexual Activity
... are no laws against same-sex sexual activity in Germany when it involves private sex acts between consenting adults ... The Nazi additions were repealed in East Germany in 1950, but homosexual relations between men remained a crime until 1968 ... West Germany kept the more repressive version of the law, legalizing male homosexual activity one year after East Germany, in 1969 ...
East Germany - Ostalgie
... The end of the Cold War division of Germany and unification in 1990 inspired initial euphoria ... But for many East Germans, this joy quickly turned to dismay ... West Germans often acted as if they had "won" and East Germans had "lost" in unification, leading many East Germans (Ossis) to resent West Germans (Wessis) ...

Famous quotes containing the words germany and/or east:

    We are fighting in the quarrel of civilization against barbarism, of liberty against tyranny. Germany has become a menace to the whole world. She is the most dangerous enemy of liberty now existing.
    Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919)

    From the east to western Inde,
    No jewel is like Rosalind.
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)