Duplicate Bridge

Duplicate bridge is the most widely used variation of contract bridge in club and tournament play. It is called duplicate because the same bridge deal (i.e. the specific arrangement of the 52 cards into the four hands) is played at each table and scoring is based on relative performance. In this way, every hand, whether strong or weak, is played in competition with others playing the identical cards, and the element of skill is heightened whilst that of chance is reduced. Duplicate bridge stands in contrast to rubber bridge where each hand is freshly dealt and where scores may be more affected by chance in the short run.

Bridge boards, simple four-way card holders, are used to enable each player's hand to be passed intact to the next table that must play the deal, and final scores are calculated by comparing each pair's result with others who played the same hand. Bidding boxes are often used to facilitate the mechanics of bidding, prevent inadvertent passing of information, and minimize the noise level. Screens are used in higher levels of competition and were introduced to reduce the chance of passing unauthorised information to one's partner.

In duplicate bridge, a player normally plays with the same partner throughout an event. The two are known as a "pair". There are two exceptions: in team events with up to six members swapping partners for portions of the event, and in individual tournaments, in which players change partners for each round.

Read more about Duplicate BridgeBridge Organizations

Other articles related to "duplicate bridge, bridge, duplicate":

Duplicate Bridge - Bridge Organizations
... The worldwide sport governing body in bridge is the World Bridge Federation, formed 1958 as the joint effort of American Contract Bridge League and ... In world bridge as of 2009, North America and Europe, or the ACBL and EBL, are the two largest of eight world Zones or zonal organizations, with about 160,000 and 400,00 ... Zone Organization Area Member Countries Total Membership 1 European Bridge League (EBL) Europe 47 393,164 2 American Contract Bridge League (ACBL) North America 3 160,912 3 ...
Laws Of Duplicate Bridge
... The Laws of Duplicate Bridge, formerly known as the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge, is the official rule book of duplicate bridge promulgated by the World Bridge Federation ... The first Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge were published in 1928 ... The Laws are effective worldwide for all duplicate bridge tournaments sponsored by WBF, zonal, national and subordinate organizations (which includes most bridge clubs) ...
Chicago (bridge Card Game) - Scoring
... of each deal is recorded on a score pad similar to that used in rubber bridge but which has an additional area, usually at the top in the form of an 'X', to indicate which player dealt ... Contracts points as in rubber and duplicate bridge, contract points won for each trick up to and including the level of the contract are recorded below the line ... above the line and have the same values as in rubber or duplicate bridge ...
Glossary Of Contract Bridge Terms - P
... Pair Two players playing bridge together as partners ... Pairs A form of duplicate bridge in which each pair competes separately, as distinct from team and individual events ... Palooka (Slang) Someone who plays bridge worse than others in their usual level of play Panama A defence to a Strong Club whereby two-level bids show the ...
Sport In Pakistan - Bridge
... Contract bridge was introduced in Pakistan in the 1950s ... Duplicate bridge, which is better known as competitive bridge, was first introduced in Pakistan by Khaja Azeemuddin, a civil engineer, who started duplicate bridge after ... spread, until most social clubs in Karachi and Lahore had reserved spaces for contract bridge and began to hold duplicate bridge tournaments ...

Famous quotes containing the words bridge and/or duplicate:

    Crime seems to change character when it crosses a bridge or a tunnel. In the city, crime is taken as emblematic of class and race. In the suburbs, though, it’s intimate and psychological—resistant to generalization, a mystery of the individual soul.
    Barbara Ehrenreich (b. 1941)

    O Nature, and O soul of man! how far beyond all utterance are your linked analogies! not the smallest atom stirs or lives in matter, but has its cunning duplicate in mind.
    Herman Melville (1819–1891)