DJ Kool Herc

Clive Campbell (born April 16, 1955), also known as Kool Herc, DJ Kool Herc and Kool DJ Herc, is a Jamaican-born American DJ who is credited with originating hip hop music in the early 1970s in The Bronx, New York City. His playing of hard funk records of the sort typified by James Brown was an alternative both to the violent gang culture of the Bronx and to the nascent popularity of disco in the 1970s. Campbell began to isolate the instrumental portion of the record, which emphasized the drum beat—the "break"—and switch from one break to another to yet another.

Using the same two turntable set-up of disco DJs, Campbell used two copies of the same record to elongate the break. This breakbeat DJing, using hard funk, rock, and records with Latin percussion, formed the basis of hip hop music. Campbell's announcements and exhortations to dancers helped lead to the syncopated, rhymed spoken accompaniment now known as rapping. He called his dancers "break-boys" and "break-girls", or simply b-boys and b-girls. Campbell's DJ style was quickly taken up by figures such as Afrika Bambaataa and Grandmaster Flash. Unlike them, he never made the move into commercially recorded hip hop in its earliest years.

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... Main article DJ Kool Herc#1520 Sedgwick Avenue See also Roots of hip hop DJ Kool Herc is credited with helping to start hip hop and rap music at a house ... Expressway" as a starting point, where DJ Kool Herc presided over parties in the community room ... On August 11, 1973, DJ Kool Herc was a Dee Jay and Emcee at a party in the recreation room of 1520 Sedgwick Avenue in the Bronx adjacent to the Cross-Bronx Expressway ...
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... The original terms arose to describe the dancers who performed to DJ Kool Herc's breakbeats ... DJ Kool Herc is a Jamaican-American DJ who is responsible for developing the foundational aspects of hip-hop music ... but the b-boy, one of four original elements of hip hop (also included the MC, the DJ, and the graffiti artist) lives on ...
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... the Major Deegan Expressway" as a starting point, where DJ Kool Herc presided over parties in the community room ... On August 11, 1973, DJ Kool Herc was a D.J ... Specifically, DJ Kool Herc extended an instrumental beat (mixing or scratching) to let people dance longer (B-boying) and began MC’ing (rapping) during the extended breakdancing ...