Dawes Act

Dawes Act

The Dawes Act of 1887 (also known as the General Allotment Act or the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887), adopted by Congress in 1887, authorized the President of the United States to survey Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians. Dawes Act was amended in 1891 and again in 1906 by the Burke Act.

The Act was named for its sponsor, Senator Henry Laurens Dawes of Massachusetts. The stated objective of the Dawes Act was to stimulate assimilation of Indians into American society. Individual ownership of land was seen as an essential step. The act also provided that the government would purchase Indian land "excess" to that needed for allotment and open it up for settlement by non-Indians.

The Dawes Commission, set up under an Indian Office appropriation bill in 1893, was created, not to administer the Dawes Act, but to attempt to get the Five Civilized Tribes, which were excluded under the Dawes Act, to agree to an allotment plan. This commission registered the members of the Five Civilized Tribes. The Curtis Act of 1908 completed the process of destroying tribal governments by abolishing tribal jurisdiction of Indian land.

After decades of seeing the disarray these acts caused, the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration supported passage in 1934 of the Indian Reorganization Act. It ended allotment and created a "New Deal" for Indians, including renewing their rights to reorganize and form their own governments.

Read more about Dawes Act:  The Indian Problem, Provisions of The Dawes Act, Effects, Contemporary Interpretations

Other articles related to "dawes act, dawes, act":

Dawes Act - Contemporary Interpretations
1936, published 1940), detailed how the allotment policy of the Dawes Act (as later extended to apply to the Five Civilized Tribes through such devices as the Dawes Commission and the Curtis Act of ...
Reservation Poverty - Historical Factors - Dawes Act Era
... In 1887, the Dawes Act was passed ... The Dawes Act represented a shift in federal policy towards American Indians ... native people, policies starting with and following the Dawes act attempted to eliminate native practices, cultures, and communities ...
Indian Reservation (The Lament Of The Cherokee Reservation Indian) - Historical Context
... Jackson's key legislation, Indian Removal Act of 1830 ... The Dawes Act of 1887 was adopted to allow the President to survey Indian lands and divide it up into individual allotments ... Under the Dawes Act many Natives were "registered" with the Federal government ...
American Indian Defense Association - American Indian Culture
... Indians culture had been stripped away by measures like the Dawes Act, which had ended tribal government and authorized the sale of tribal land to individuals ... Between the years 1887 (the year the Dawes Act came into effect) and 1934 (known as the "Allotment era") the government took over 90 million acres (360,000 km2) of tribal lands that ... Henry Dawes who authored the Dawes Act, was quoted as saying that to be civilized, one must "wear civilized clothes...cultivate the ground, live in houses, ride in Studebaker wagons, send ...

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