Ethnic Factors in Variability
Ethnicity is a factor in the occurrence of CYP2D6 variability. The prevalence of CYP2D6 poor metabolizers is approximately 6–10% in white populations, but is lower in most other ethnic groups such as Asians (2%). In blacks, the frequency of poor metabolizers is greater than for whites. The occurrence of CYP2D6 ultrarapid metabolisers appears to be greater among Middle Eastern and North African populations.
This variability is accounted for by the differences in the prevalence of various CYP2D6 alleles among the populations–approximately 10% of whites appear to have the non-functional CYP2D6*4 allele, while approximately 50% of Asians possess the CYP2D6*10 allele, which should produce decreased CYP2D6 function; however this still appears to be within the normal range and are still grouped as intermediate metabolisers.
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