Customs is an authority or agency in a country responsible for collecting and safeguarding customs duties and for controlling the flow of goods including animals, transports, personal effects and hazardous items in and out of a country. Depending on local legislation and regulations, the import or export of some goods may be restricted or forbidden, and the customs agency enforces these rules. The customs authority may be different from the immigration authority, which monitors persons who leave or enter the country, checking for appropriate documentation, apprehending people wanted by international arrest warrants, and impeding the entry of others deemed dangerous to the country. In most countries customs are attained through government agreements and international laws.

A customs duty is a tariff or tax on the importation (usually) or exportation (unusually) of goods. In the Kingdom of England, customs duties were typically part of the customary revenue of the king, and therefore did not need parliamentary consent to be levied, unlike excise duty, land tax, or other forms of taxes.

Commercial goods not yet cleared through customs are held in a customs area, often called a bonded store, until processed. All authorised ports are recognised customs area.

Read more about CustomsRed and Green Channels, Privatization of Customs

Other articles related to "customs":

Constitutional Basis Of Taxation In Australia - Constitutional Provisions - Commonwealth Taxing Ability - Section 90 of The Australian Constitution
... the exclusive, as opposed to concurrent with the States, power to impose 'duties of customs and of excise' ... The definition of 'customs and excise' has therefore been an important, and litigated, constitutional issue ... Generally, a customs duty is a tax imposed on goods entering a jurisdiction ...
Customs - Summary of Basic Custom Rules - North America - USA
... The United States imposes tariffs or "customs duties" on imports of goods ... Customs duties vary by country of origin and product, with duties ranging from zero to 81% of the value of the goods ... Customs rules differ from other import restrictions ...
National Protection And Programs Directorate - Components - US-VISIT
... US-VISIT program may be transferred to Customs and Border Protection and Immigration and Customs Enforcement ... under NPPD, with US-VISIT's mission operations moving to Immigration and Customs Enforcement ...
Little Sisters Book And Art Emporium V. Canada (Minister Of Justice)
... It was held that the Customs Act, which gave broad powers to customs inspectors to exclude "obscene" materials, violated the right to freedom of expression under section 2 but was ... The bookstore challenged the section of the Customs Act which prohibited the importation of obscene material as well as a section of the Act that put the ... At trial, the court found that the customs has targeted shipments to the bookstore and attempted to prevent them from getting in ...
Charles Andrew Mac Gillivary - Post-World War II
... He joined the United States Customs Service in 1950 starting as a warehouse officer, but soon became an agent for the United States Customs Office of Investigations, conducting special investigations ... He retired from the Customs Service in 1975 ...

Famous quotes containing the word customs:

    No man ever looks at the world with pristine eyes. He sees it edited by a definite set of customs and institutions and ways of thinking.
    Ruth Benedict (1887–1948)

    Neighboring farmers and visitors at White Sulphur drove out occasionally to watch ‘those funny Scotchmen’ with amused superiority; when one member imported clubs from Scotland, they were held for three weeks by customs officials who could not believe that any game could be played with ‘such elongated blackjacks or implements of murder.’
    —For the State of West Virginia, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)

    The customs of some savage nations might, perchance, be profitably imitated by us, for they at least go through the semblance of casting their slough annually; they have the idea of the thing, whether they have the reality or not.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)