County Palatine

A county palatine or palatinate was an area ruled by an hereditary nobleman possessing special authority and autonomy from the rest of a kingdom or empire. The name derives from the Latin adjective palatinus, "relating to the palace", from the noun palatium, "palace". It thus implies the exercise of a quasi-royal prerogative within a county, that is to say a jurisdiction ruled by an earl, the English equivalent of a count. A duchy palatinate is similar but is ruled over by a duke, a nobleman of higher precedence than an earl or count. The nobleman swore allegiance to the king yet had the power to rule the county largely independently of the king. It should therefore be distinguished from the Feudal barony, held from the king, which possessed no such independent authority. Rulers of counties palatine did however create their own feudal baronies, to be held directly from them in capite, such as the Barony of Halton. County palatine jurisdictions were created in England under the rule of the Norman dynasty. On continental Europe, they have an earlier date. In general, when a palatine-type autonomy was granted to a lord by the sovereign, it was in a district on the periphery of the kingdom, at a time when the district was at risk from disloyal armed insurgents who could retreat beyond the borders and re-enter. For the English sovereign in Norman times this applied to northern England, Wales and Ireland. As the authority granted was hereditary, some counties palatine legally survived well past the end of the feudal period.

Other articles related to "county palatine, county, palatine":

Marcher Lords - County Palatine
... border were granted the privileged status of county palatine shortly after the Norman Conquest, but only that based on Chester survived for a long period ...
Ashby V White - Judgment
... for Making of Knights and Burgesses within the County and City of Chester where in the preamble it is said, that whereas the said County Palatine of Chester is and hath been always hitherto exempt, excluded. 9, an Act to enable the County Palatine of Durham to send knights and burgesses to serve in Parliament, which recites, whereas the inhabitants of the ...
Court Of Chancery Of The County Palatine Of Lancaster - Merger With The High Court - Offices
... office in the Court of Chancery of the County Palatine of Lancaster, other than the office of Vice-Chancellor of the County Palatine of Lancaster, was abolished by section 44(1)(b) of the Courts Act 1971 ... of section 44(1)(b) or to the merger of the Court of Chancery of the County Palatine of Lancaster ...
County Palatine - History - Other Counties Palatine
... The county of Cornwall although not strictly a county palatine had a similar status to Lancashire, in that it was a duchy according to custom, a duchy had more independence from the sovereign than a county ... most often used is Marcher Lord, which is similar to, but not strictly the same as, a Palatine Lord ... Nevertheless, a number of strictly Palatine jurisdictions were created in Wales ...
Heinzenhausen - History - Modern Times
... concluded on 18 November 1543, the new County of Veldenz-Lauterecken, later Veldenz-Lauterecken-Lützelstein, arose, an act that Duke Wolfgang had secured for his uncle ... The newly created county was a courtesy for Ruprecht, who as Wolfgang’s regent in his younger years had governed, together with Wolfgang’s mother, the County Palatine ... Heinzenhausen now lay in this new County of Veldenz ...

Famous quotes containing the word county:

    Hold hard, my county darlings, for a hawk descends,
    Golden Glamorgan straightens, to the falling birds.
    Your sport is summer as the spring runs angrily.
    Dylan Thomas (1914–1953)