In law, a conviction is the verdict that results when a court of law finds a defendant guilty of a crime.

The opposite of a conviction is an acquittal (i.e. "not guilty"). In Scotland and in the Netherlands, there can also be a verdict of "not proven", which counts as an acquittal. There are also cases where the court orders that a defendant not be convicted, despite being found guilty.

For a host of reasons, the criminal justice system is not perfect, and sometimes guilty defendants are acquitted, while innocent people are convicted. Appeal mechanisms mitigate this problem to some extent. An error which results in the conviction of an innocent person is known as a miscarriage of justice.

After a defendant is convicted, the court determines the appropriate sentence as a punishment. Furthermore, the conviction may lead to results beyond the terms of the sentence itself. Such ramifications are known as the collateral consequences of criminal charges.

A minor conviction is considered, in a term, a warning conviction, and it doesn't affect the defendant, but does serve as a warning.

A history of convictions are called antecedents, known colloquially as "previous" in the United Kingdom, and "priors" in the United States and Australia.

The history of convictions also shows that a minor law conviction can be prosecuted as any individuals punishment.

Other articles related to "conviction":

results">Seznec Affair - Miscarriage of Justice?
... pénales" nevertheless accepted, on 11 April 2005, a reopening of Guillaume Seznec's conviction for murder ... This decision could open the way to an eventual annulling of his conviction in 1924 ... On 14 December 2006, the Cour de révision refused to annul Seznec's conviction, judging there was no new evidence to call doubt on Seznec's guilt, since the implication of inspector Bonny ...
Sharia In Nigeria - Controversy - Amina Lawal
... conceiving a child out of wedlock the father was released without conviction for lack of evidence ... The conviction provoked outrage both in southern Nigeria and the West, with many national and international NGOs lobbying the federal government to overturn the ... In 2004, the conviction was overturned by the Sharia court of appeal, and Lawal returned to private life ...
Court-martial Of Fitz John Porter - Porter Attempts To Clear His Name
... The conviction, rather than ending the controversy, served only to extend it ... West Point as an institute, though it took the conviction as proof that the vast majority of West Pointers were loyal, unlike Porter ... Porter immediately set about attempting to overturn the conviction ...
Lawrence Colwell, Jr. - Conviction, Sentencing and Execution
... Colwell was soon arrested and arraigned ... The State informed the court it would not be seeking the death penalty ...
Lord Our Righteousness Church - Conviction
... An Albuquerque news station reported that as of September 11, 2009, Bent has been on hunger strike while in prison, and a judge has ordered that force-feeding be used should it become necessary ... According to the church's website, Mr ...

Famous quotes containing the word conviction:

    It is my conviction that in general women are more snobbish and class conscious than men and that these ignoble traits are a product of men’s attitude toward women and women’s passive acceptance of this attitude.
    Mary Barnett Gilson (1877–?)

    What is rational is actual and what is actual is rational. On this conviction the plain man like the philosopher takes his stand, and from it philosophy starts in its study of the universe of mind as well as the universe of nature.
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831)

    Hope is definitely not the same thing as optimism. It is not the conviction that something will turn out well, but the certainty that something makes sense, regardless of how it turns out.
    Václav Havel (b. 1936)