Concerted Cultivation


Concerted cultivation is a style of parenting that is marked by a parent's attempts to foster their child's talents by incorporating organized activities in their children's lives. This parenting style is commonly exhibited in middle and upper class American families, and is also characterized by consciously developing language use and ability to interact with social institutions. Many have attributed cultural benefits to this form of child-rearing due to the style's use in higher income families, conversely affecting the social habitus of children raised in such a manner. A child that has been concertedly cultivated will often express greater social prowess in social situations involving formality or structure attributed to their increased experience and engagement in organized clubs, sports, musical groups as well as increased experience with adults and power structure. While this pattern of child rearing holds no innate positive qualities, it has been linked to an increase in financial and academic success.

Negative considerations have included an overburdened sense of entitlement, potentially disrespectful behavior toward authority figures, lack of creativity, and the psychosomatic inability to play or relax. As a result, advocates of Slow parenting prefer less management of childhood activities. None of these effects can be considered without broader cultural and economic considerations.

Concerted cultivation also emphasizes the use of reasoning skills and variations in language use. Parents start to encourage their children to learn how to speak with adults so that they become comfortable and understand the importance of eye contact and speaking properly at an earlier age. According to Lareau, with these type of experiences, middle class parents try to pursue the concerted cultivation approach. They also try to promote a sense of entitlement in their children, middle class children get use to and they learn to see adults as their equals. Concerted cultivation causes a transmission of differential advantages, meaning they end up having a financial and educational advantage in life over children reared based on other methods. Children who are reared using the concerted cultivation method are set apart in academic environments, such as college campuses, and they also learn to have more confidence when confronted with social interactions.

Children start to form a certain sense of entitlement because of their early comfort interacting with adults. Children also become more comfortable questioning adults, and it is easier for them to see themselves as equals. With concerted cultivation, the practices often infiltrate into the family life. Frequent gatherings provide opportunities for further cultivation such as eating at the dinner table together.

Read more about Concerted CultivationStructured Activities, Parenting 'practices', See Also

Other articles related to "concerted cultivation":

Social Mobility - Inter- and Intra-generational Mobility
... She describes two different ways to raise children concerted cultivation and natural growth Concerted cultivation, normally used by middle-class families ... Natural growth is almost the exact opposite of concerted cultivation ... Children who grow up with a concerted cultivation style of childrearing learn from their parents how to talk with adults as equals and negotiate to get favorable outcomes in any ...
Working Class Education - Parental Influences
... Many social scientists claim that middle class parents practice concerted cultivation, meaning a child’s life is filled with organized activities and ... Due to the extent of their interactions outside of the home, the children of concerted cultivation develop a greater mastery of language and are instilled with a sense ... in parenting practices is that schools, along with other institutions, are more harmonious with concerted cultivation, the parenting practice of the middle class ...
Intergenerational Mobility - Inter- and Intra-generational Mobility
... Natural growth is almost the exact opposite of concerted cultivation ... Children who grow up with a concerted cultivation style of childrearing learn from their parents how to talk with adults as equals and negotiate to get favorable outcomes in any situation ... and sense of entitlement that children raised with the concerted cultivation method have, and therefore are less likely to acquire good jobs (and therefore, improve their social standing) ...
Annette Lareau - Writings - Unequal Childhoods
... this book, she highlights the benefits and shortcomings of raising children through either concerted cultivation or natural growth ... "Concerted Cultivation" is the type of childrearing that middle class parents practice ... The main disadvantage of concerted cultivation is that often the child becomes bored easily and cannot entertain themselves ...

Famous quotes containing the words cultivation and/or concerted:

    If the minds of women were enlightened and improved, the domestic circle would be more frequently refreshed by intelligent conversation, a means of edification now deplorably neglected, for want of that cultivation which these intellectual advantages would confer.
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