Collider

A collider is a type of a particle accelerator involving directed beams of particles. Colliders may either be ring accelerators or linear accelerators, and may collide a single beam of particles against a stationary target or two beams head-on.

Colliders are used as a research tool in particle physics by accelerating elementary particles to very high kinetic energy and letting them impact other particles. Analysis of the byproducts of these collisions gives scientists good evidence of the structure of the subatomic world and the laws of nature governing it. These may become apparent only at high energies and for tiny periods of time, and therefore may be hard or impossible to study in other ways.

Read more about Collider:  Explanation, History

Other articles related to "collider, colliders":

Intersecting Storage Rings
... It was the world's first hadron collider, and ran from 1971 to 1984, with a maximum center of mass energy of 62 GeV ... From its initial startup, the collider itself had the capability to produce particles like the J/ψ and the upsilon, as well as observable jet structure however, the particle detector experiments were not configured ... of stochastic cooling, and it held the record for luminosity at a hadron collider until surpassed by the Tevatron in 2004 ...
Collider - History
... The first serious proposal for a collider originated with a group at the Midwestern Universities Research Association (MURA) ... The first electron-positron colliders were built in Italy, at the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare in Frascati near Rome, by the Austrian-Italian ... the same time, in the early 1960s, the VEP-1 electron-electron collider was independently developed and built under supervision of Gersh Budker in the Soviet ...
A Large Ion Collider Experiment
... ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is one of seven detector experiments at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN ...
Oscillating Field Particle Accelerators - Circular or Cyclic Accelerators - History
... of storage rings and an electron-positron collider facility ... received several upgrades, and has functioned as a proton-antiproton collider until it was shut down due to budget cuts on September 30, 2011 ... circumference 26.6 kilometers, which was an electron/positron collider ...
Safety Of Particle Collisions At The Large Hadron Collider - Large Hadron Collider
... an upper limit of 1 in 50 million for the probability that the Large Hadron Collider will produce a global catastrophe or black hole ... However, Rees has also reported not to be "losing sleep over the collider," and trusts the scientists who have built it ... and some scientists associated with the project received protests - the Large Hadron Collider team revealed that they had received death threats and ...