Climatology

Climatology (from Greek κλίμα, klima, "place, zone"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of climate, scientifically defined as weather conditions averaged over a period of time,. Traditionally it is regarded as a branch of the atmospheric sciences and a subfield of physical geography; however, with recent increases in scope this is no longer appropriate, as it now includes aspects of oceanography and biogeochemistry. Basic knowledge of climate can be used within shorter term weather forecasting using analog techniques such as the El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the Northern Annualar Mode (NAM), the Arctic oscillation (AO), the Northern Pacific (NP) Index, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), and the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO). Climate models are used for a variety of purposes from study of the dynamics of the weather and climate system to projections of future climate.

Read more about Climatology:  History, Different Approaches, Indices, Models, Differences With Meteorology, Use in Weather Forecasting

Other articles related to "climatology":

Mikhail Budyko
1920 – 10 December 2001) was a Russian climatologist and one of the founders of physical climatology ... and as head of the Division for Physical Climatology at the observatory from 1972 until 1975 ... groundbreaking book, Heat Balance of the Earth's Surface, published in 1956, transformed climatology from a qualitative into a quantitative physical science ...
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... Most Category 4 hurricanes occur during September, with 51 storms occurring in that month ... This coincides with the average peak of the Atlantic hurricane season, which occurs on September 10 ...
Seaford, Delaware - Geography - Climatology
... The highest official temperature ever recorded in Seaford was 104 °F (40.0 °C) on July 22, 2011, while the all-time low was -13 °F (-25.0 °C) on January 28, 1987. ...
Crémant D'Alsace - Geography - Climatology
... Consequently, the climate is more temperated than expected at this latitude the annual mean temperature is about 1.5 °C higher ... The climate is semi-continental and dry with hot springs, sunny and dry summers, long autumns and cold winters ...