A cicada ( /sɪˈkeɪdə/ or /sɪˈkɑːdə/) is an insect of the order Hemiptera, suborder Auchenorrhyncha (which was formerly included in the now invalid suborder Homoptera), in the superfamily Cicadoidea, with large eyes wide apart on the head and usually transparent, well-veined wings. There are about 2,500 species of cicada around the world, and many of them remain unclassified. Cicadas live in temperate to tropical climates where they are among the most widely recognized of all insects, mainly due to their large size and unique sound. Cicadas are often colloquially called locusts, although they are unrelated to true locusts, which are a kind of grasshopper. Cicadas are related to leafhoppers and spittlebugs.

Cicadas are benign to humans under normal circumstances and do not bite or sting in a true sense, but may mistake a person's arm or other part of their body for a tree or plant limb and attempt to feed. Cicadas have a long proboscis under their head which they insert into plant stems in order to feed on sap. It can be painful if they attempt to pierce a person's skin with it, but it is unlikely to cause other harm. It is unlikely to be a defensive reaction and is a rare occurrence. It usually only happens when they are allowed to rest on a person's body for an extended amount of time.

Cicadas can cause damage to several cultivated crops, shrubs, and trees, mainly in the form of scarring left on tree branches while the females lay their eggs deep in branches.

Many people around the world regularly eat cicadas. They are known to have been eaten in Ancient Greece as well as China, Malaysia, Burma, Latin America, and the Congo. Female cicadas are prized for being meatier. Shells of cicadas are employed in the traditional medicines of China.

Read more about CicadaName, Taxonomy, Description, Cicada Song, Life Cycle, Predation, Cicadas in Australia, Symbolism, Culinary Use, Genera

Other articles related to "cicada, cicadas":

Aleeta - Predation
... Bird predation of the adult cicada is common, with wrens and White-shafted Fantails, Noisy Miners, Grey Butcherbirds, Pied Butcherbirds, Magpie-larks, Torresian Crows, Blue-faced Honeyeaters, Brush Wattlebirds, White-fac ... The adults of some Australian cicada species are also subject to a cicada-specific fungus from the genus Massospora which affects their genitalia and abdominal cavity ... Australian cicadas are also preyed on by the cicada killer wasp (Exeirus lateritius), which stings and paralyses cicadas high in the trees ...
Cicada - Genera
... Calyria Capcicada Carineta Chinaria Chlorocysta Chonosia Chremistica Chrysocicada Cicada Cicadatra Cicadetta Cicadivetta Cigarra Clidophleps Coata Conibosa Cornuplura Cosmopsaltria Crassisternata ...
... In male cicadas, the tymbals are membranes in the abdomen, responsible for the characteristic sound produced by the insect ... The paired tymbals of a cicada are located on the sides of the abdominal base ... The "singing" of a cicada is not stridulation as in many other familiar sound-producing insects like crickets (where one structure is rubbed against another) the tymbals ...
... as the floury baker or floury miller and known until 2003 as Abricta curvicosta, is a species of cicada and one of Australia's most familiar insects ... A solitary cicada, the floury baker occurs in low densities, and individuals typically emerge throughout a three-month period from late November to late February ... It is preyed upon by birds, cicada killer wasps, and a cicada-specific fungal disease ...
Magicicada Cassini
... Magicicada cassini, sometimes called the dwarf cicada is a species of periodical cicada endemic to the United States ... but is otherwise indistinguishable from the 13-year periodical cicada Magicicada tredecassini ... two species are usually discussed together as "cassini periodical cicadas" or "cassini-type periodical cicadas." Unlike other periodical cicadas, cassini-type males may synchronize their courting behavior so ...