Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful. This practice is considered exploitative by many international organisations. Legislations across the world prohibit child labour. These laws do not consider all work by children as child labour; exceptions include work by child artists, supervised training, certain categories of work such as those by Amish children, and others.
Child labour was employed to varying extents through most of history. Before 1940, numerous children aged 5–14 worked in Europe, the United States and various colonies of European powers. These children worked in agriculture, home-based assembly operations, factories, mining and in services such as newsies. Some worked night shifts lasting 12 hours. With the rise of household income, availability of schools and passage of child labour laws, the incidence rates of child labour fell.
In developing countries, with high poverty and poor schooling opportunities, child labour is still prevalent. In 2010, sub-saharan Africa had the highest incidence rates of child labour, with several African nations witnessing over 50 percent of children aged 5–14 working. Worldwide agriculture is the largest employer of child labour. Vast majority of child labour is found in rural settings and informal urban economy; children are predominantly employed by their parents, rather than factories. Poverty and lack of schools are considered as the primary cause of child labour.
The incidence of child labour in the world decreased from 25% to 10% between 1960 and 2003, according to the World Bank.
Other articles related to "child labour, child":
... Boys in the Pits Child Labour in Coal Mines is a 2000 book by Robert McIntosh, published by McGill-Queen’s University Press ... The book is about child labour in Canada in the 19th and early 20th centuries, with special reference to the history of boys, aged 8 to 15, who worked in coal mines ...
... decided to do something about children’s rights in Nepal, and particularly child labour ... In 1987 CWIN began translating into Nepali the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child ... Working Children, which agreed to form a standing South Asian Forum on the Rights of the Child ...
... industry went into decline, public opposition to the use of female and child labour in mines was rising ... only to coal mines, limiting the use of child labour in the mines and thus increasing costs ... of the Factory and Workshop Act 1878 drastically limited the use of female and child labour ...
... in purchasing products assembled or otherwise manufactured in developing countries with child labour ... that boycotting products manufactured through child labour may force these children to turn to more dangerous or strenuous professions, such as ... For example, a UNICEF study found that after the Child Labour Deterrence Act was introduced in the US, an estimated 50,000 children were dismissed from their garment industry jobs in Bangladesh ...
... a headline in the Toronto Star news paper that read “Battled child labour, boy, 12, murdered.” The accompanying story was about a young Pakistani boy named Iqbal Masih who ... Angered by the article, Kielburger began researching child labour ... minister had a “moral responsibility” to take action on child labour ...
Famous quotes containing the words labour and/or child:
“Through throats where many rivers meet, the curlews cry,
Under the conceiving moon, on the high chalk hill,
And there this night I walk in the white giants thigh
Where barrren as boulders women lie longing still
To labour and love though they lay down long ago.”
—Dylan Thomas (19141953)
“Some parents feel that if they introduce their children to alcohol gradually in the home environment, the children will learn to use alcohol in moderation. Im not sure thats such a good idea. First of all, alcohol is not healthy for the growing child. Second, introducing alcohol to a child suggests that you condone drinkingeven to the point where you want to teach your child how to drink.”
—Lawrence Balter (20th century)