Chemical Element - List of The 118 Known Chemical Elements

List of The 118 Known Chemical Elements

The following sortable table includes the 118 known chemical elements, with the names linking to the Wikipedia articles on each.

  • Atomic number, name, and symbol all serve independently as unique identifiers.
  • Names are those accepted by IUPAC; provisional names for recently produced elements not yet formally named are in parentheses.
  • Group, period, and block refer to an element's position in the periodic table.
  • State of matter (solid, liquid, or gas) applies at standard temperature and pressure conditions (STP).
  • Occurrence distinguishes naturally occurring elements, categorized as either primordial or transient (from decay), and additional synthetic elements that have been produced technologically, but are not known to occur naturally.
  • Description summarizes an element's properties using the broad categories commonly presented in periodic tables: Actinide, alkali metal, alkaline earth metal, halogen, lanthanide, metal, metalloid, noble gas, non-metal, and transition metal.
List of elements
Atomic
no.
Name Symbol Group Period Block State at
STP
Occurrence Description
1 Hydrogen H 1 1 s Gas Primordial Non-metal
2 Helium He 18 1 s Gas Primordial Noble gas
3 Lithium Li 1 2 s Solid Primordial Alkali metal
4 Beryllium Be 2 2 s Solid Primordial Alkaline earth metal
5 Boron B 13 2 p Solid Primordial Metalloid
6 Carbon C 14 2 p Solid Primordial Non-metal
7 Nitrogen N 15 2 p Gas Primordial Non-metal
8 Oxygen O 16 2 p Gas Primordial Non-metal
9 Fluorine F 17 2 p Gas Primordial Halogen
10 Neon Ne 18 2 p Gas Primordial Noble gas
11 Sodium Na 1 3 s Solid Primordial Alkali metal
12 Magnesium Mg 2 3 s Solid Primordial Alkaline earth metal
13 Aluminium Al 13 3 p Solid Primordial Metal
14 Silicon Si 14 3 p Solid Primordial Metalloid
15 Phosphorus P 15 3 p Solid Primordial Non-metal
16 Sulfur S 16 3 p Solid Primordial Non-metal
17 Chlorine Cl 17 3 p Gas Primordial Halogen
18 Argon Ar 18 3 p Gas Primordial Noble gas
19 Potassium K 1 4 s Solid Primordial Alkali metal
20 Calcium Ca 2 4 s Solid Primordial Alkaline earth metal
21 Scandium Sc 3 4 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
22 Titanium Ti 4 4 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
23 Vanadium V 5 4 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
24 Chromium Cr 6 4 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
25 Manganese Mn 7 4 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
26 Iron Fe 8 4 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
27 Cobalt Co 9 4 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
28 Nickel Ni 10 4 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
29 Copper Cu 11 4 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
30 Zinc Zn 12 4 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
31 Gallium Ga 13 4 p Solid Primordial Metal
32 Germanium Ge 14 4 p Solid Primordial Metalloid
33 Arsenic As 15 4 p Solid Primordial Metalloid
34 Selenium Se 16 4 p Solid Primordial Non-metal
35 Bromine Br 17 4 p Liquid Primordial Halogen
36 Krypton Kr 18 4 p Gas Primordial Noble gas
37 Rubidium Rb 1 5 s Solid Primordial Alkali metal
38 Strontium Sr 2 5 s Solid Primordial Alkaline earth metal
39 Yttrium Y 3 5 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
40 Zirconium Zr 4 5 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
41 Niobium Nb 5 5 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
42 Molybdenum Mo 6 5 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
43 Technetium Tc 7 5 d Solid Transient Transition metal
44 Ruthenium Ru 8 5 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
45 Rhodium Rh 9 5 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
46 Palladium Pd 10 5 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
47 Silver Ag 11 5 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
48 Cadmium Cd 12 5 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
49 Indium In 13 5 p Solid Primordial Metal
50 Tin Sn 14 5 p Solid Primordial Metal
51 Antimony Sb 15 5 p Solid Primordial Metalloid
52 Tellurium Te 16 5 p Solid Primordial Metalloid
53 Iodine I 17 5 p Solid Primordial Halogen
54 Xenon Xe 18 5 p Gas Primordial Noble gas
55 Caesium Cs 1 6 s Solid Primordial Alkali metal
56 Barium Ba 2 6 s Solid Primordial Alkaline earth metal
57 Lanthanum La 3 6 f Solid Primordial Lanthanide
58 Cerium Ce 3 6 f Solid Primordial Lanthanide
59 Praseodymium Pr 3 6 f Solid Primordial Lanthanide
60 Neodymium Nd 3 6 f Solid Primordial Lanthanide
61 Promethium Pm 3 6 f Solid Transient Lanthanide
62 Samarium Sm 3 6 f Solid Primordial Lanthanide
63 Europium Eu 3 6 f Solid Primordial Lanthanide
64 Gadolinium Gd 3 6 f Solid Primordial Lanthanide
65 Terbium Tb 3 6 f Solid Primordial Lanthanide
66 Dysprosium Dy 3 6 f Solid Primordial Lanthanide
67 Holmium Ho 3 6 f Solid Primordial Lanthanide
68 Erbium Er 3 6 f Solid Primordial Lanthanide
69 Thulium Tm 3 6 f Solid Primordial Lanthanide
70 Ytterbium Yb 3 6 f Solid Primordial Lanthanide
71 Lutetium Lu 3 6 d Solid Primordial Lanthanide
72 Hafnium Hf 4 6 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
73 Tantalum Ta 5 6 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
74 Tungsten W 6 6 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
75 Rhenium Re 7 6 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
76 Osmium Os 8 6 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
77 Iridium Ir 9 6 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
78 Platinum Pt 10 6 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
79 Gold Au 11 6 d Solid Primordial Transition metal
80 Mercury Hg 12 6 d Liquid Primordial Transition metal
81 Thallium Tl 13 6 p Solid Primordial Metal
82 Lead Pb 14 6 p Solid Primordial Metal
83 Bismuth Bi 15 6 p Solid Primordial Metal
84 Polonium Po 16 6 p Solid Transient Metalloid
85 Astatine At 17 6 p Solid Transient Halogen
86 Radon Rn 18 6 p Gas Transient Noble gas
87 Francium Fr 1 7 s Solid Transient Alkali metal
88 Radium Ra 2 7 s Solid Transient Alkaline earth metal
89 Actinium Ac 3 7 f Solid Transient Actinide
90 Thorium Th 3 7 f Solid Primordial Actinide
91 Protactinium Pa 3 7 f Solid Transient Actinide
92 Uranium U 3 7 f Solid Primordial Actinide
93 Neptunium Np 3 7 f Solid Transient Actinide
94 Plutonium Pu 3 7 f Solid Primordial Actinide
95 Americium Am 3 7 f Solid Transient Actinide
96 Curium Cm 3 7 f Solid Transient Actinide
97 Berkelium Bk 3 7 f Solid Transient Actinide
98 Californium Cf 3 7 f Solid Transient Actinide
99 Einsteinium Es 3 7 f Solid Synthetic Actinide
100 Fermium Fm 3 7 f Solid Synthetic Actinide
101 Mendelevium Md 3 7 f Solid Synthetic Actinide
102 Nobelium No 3 7 f Solid Synthetic Actinide
103 Lawrencium Lr 3 7 d Solid Synthetic Actinide
104 Rutherfordium Rf 4 7 d Synthetic Transition metal
105 Dubnium Db 5 7 d Synthetic Transition metal
106 Seaborgium Sg 6 7 d Synthetic Transition metal
107 Bohrium Bh 7 7 d Synthetic Transition metal
108 Hassium Hs 8 7 d Synthetic Transition metal
109 Meitnerium Mt 9 7 d Synthetic
110 Darmstadtium Ds 10 7 d Synthetic
111 Roentgenium Rg 11 7 d Synthetic
112 Copernicium Cn 12 7 d Synthetic Transition metal
113 (Ununtrium) Uut 13 7 p Synthetic
114 Flerovium Fl 14 7 p Synthetic
115 (Ununpentium) Uup 15 7 p Synthetic
116 Livermorium Lv 16 7 p Synthetic
117 (Ununseptium) Uus 17 7 p Synthetic
118 (Ununoctium) Uuo 18 7 p Synthetic

Read more about this topic:  Chemical Element

Famous quotes containing the words list of, chemical, list and/or elements:

    Love’s boat has been shattered against the life of everyday. You and I are quits, and it’s useless to draw up a list of mutual hurts, sorrows, and pains.
    Vladimir Mayakovsky (1893–1930)

    We do not want actions, but men; not a chemical drop of water, but rain; the spirit that sheds and showers actions, countless, endless actions.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    We saw the machinery where murderers are now executed. Seven have been executed. The plan is better than the old one. It is quietly done. Only a few, at the most about thirty or forty, can witness [an execution]. It excites nobody outside of the list permitted to attend. I think the time for capital punishment has passed. I would abolish it. But while it lasts this is the best mode.
    Rutherford Birchard Hayes (1822–1893)

    A party of order or stability, and a party of progress or reform, are both necessary elements of a healthy state of political life.
    John Stuart Mill (1806–1873)