Castle Mountain is a mountain located within Banff National Park in the Canadian Rockies, approximately half-way between Banff and Lake Louise. It is the easternmost mountain of the Main Ranges in the Bow Valley and sits astride the Castle Mountain Fault which has thrust older sedimentary and metamorphic rocks forming the upper part of the mountain over the younger rocks forming its base. The mountain's castellated, or castle-like, appearance is a result of erosive processes acting at different rates on the peak's alternating layers of softer shale and harder limestone, dolomite and quartzite.
The mountain was named in 1858 by James Hector for its castle-like appearance. From 1946 to 1979 it was known as Mount Eisenhower in honour of the World War II general Dwight D. Eisenhower. Public pressure caused its original name to be restored, but a pinnacle on the southeastern side of the mountain was named Eisenhower Tower. Located nearby are the remains of Silver City, a 19th century mining settlement, and the Castle Mountain Internment Camp in which persons deemed enemy aliens and suspected enemy sympathizers were confined during World War I.
While looking nearly impenetrable from the Trans-Canada Highway, the peak can be ascended from the backside on the northeastern slopes. The trail to Rockbound Lake leads hikers around the eastern side. The massif contains several high points including Helena Ridge (2,862 m (9,390 ft)), Stuart Knob (2,850 m (9,350 ft)) and Television Peak (2,970 m (9,744 ft)), the latter being named for the TV repeater located on top. Technicians use a helicopter rather than hiking the long ascent to the top.
... Castle Mountain is a mountain on Morrissey Ridge in Fernie, British Columbia, Canada ... Castle Mountain is well known for bike trails ...
... Reactivated in 1992 at Castle AFB, California as part of the 366th Operations Group, a composite organization which operated B-52Gs ... The 366th was headquartered at Mountain Home AFB, Idaho but operated its B-52 squadron at Castle which had the facilities to support the Stratofortress ... In early 1994 the B-52Gs were retired with the closing of Castle and the squadron was reassigned to Ellsworth AFB, South Dakota where it transitioned to the B-1B Lancer ...
... By 1915 several internment camps in and around the Rocky Mountains were in full swing, including a camp at the foot of Castle Mountain, the terminal point of the then uncompleted ... With the onset of spring, the camp returned once more to the Castle Mountain site ... The Castle Mountain camp was a difficult facility to administer ...
... numerous rock climbing routes available on the mountain, the most common routes being Bass Buttress Brewer Buttress Ultra Brewers Eisenhower Tower ...
... Conditions at the camps varied, and the Castle Mountain Internment Camp – where labour contributed to the creation of Banff National Park – was considered exceptionally harsh and abusive. 21 October 1918 Rented Premises Banff-Castle Mountain and Cave Basin, Alberta 14 July 15 ... July 1917 Dominion Park Building at Cave Basin, Tents at Castle Mountain Edgewood, British Columbia 19 August ...
Famous quotes containing the words mountain and/or castle:
“The mountain throws a shadow,
Thin is the moons horn;
What did we remember
Under the ragged thorn?
Dread has followed longing,
And our hearts are torn.”
—William Butler Yeats (18651939)
“This castle hath a pleasant seat; the air
Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself
Unto our gentle senses.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)