Caspian Sea

The Caspian Sea (Azerbaijani: Xəzər dənizi, Persian: دریای خزر Daryā-i Xazar, دریای کاسپین Daryā-i Kāspyan or دریای مازندران Daryā-i Māzandarān‎, Russian: Каспийское море, Kazakh: Каспий теңізі, Turkmen: Hazar deňizi) is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. The sea has a surface area of 371,000 km2 (143,200 sq mi) (not including Garabogazköl Aylagy) and a volume of 78,200 km3 (18,800 cu mi). It is in an endorheic basin (it has no outflows) and is bounded to the northwest by Russia, to the west by Azerbaijan, to the south by Iran, to the southeast by Turkmenistan, and to the northeast by Kazakhstan.

The ancient inhabitants of its littoral perceived the Caspian Sea as an ocean, probably because of its saltiness and seeming boundlessness. It has a salinity of approximately 1.2%, about a third the salinity of most seawater.

Read more about Caspian SeaEtymology, History, Oil Extraction, International Disputes, Transport

Other articles related to "caspian sea, caspian, seas":

Caspian Sea - Transport - Canals
... irrigation and stabilizing the water level in the Caspian, which was thought to be falling dangerously fast at the time ... Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbaev proposed a 700 km link between the Caspian and Black seas ... While the canal would traverse Russian territory, it would benefit Kazakhstan through its Caspian Sea ports ...
Azerbaijan–Kazakhstan Relations - Political Relations
... relations mostly covered the legal status of the Caspian Sea and the fields of agriculture and energy ... strategic alliance and co-operation in other areas, particularly on the transportation of the Caspian oil and gas to the world markets ... in bilateral cooperation is co-ordination of legal status of the Caspian Sea ...
Louise Firouz - Rediscovery of The Caspian Horse - 1965
... ponies in the Elburz mountains near the Caspian Sea, she chose to investigate the rumors ... to the mountainous regions south of the Caspian Sea ... Louise Firouz horse breeder who discovered the Caspian horse Breeder who helped to preserve the rare Caspian horse of the Elburz Mountains as a mount for children ...
Manych Ship Canal - Environmental Concerns
... Water level of the Caspian Sea has varied within 4 m over a period of 30 years ... Water levels in the Caspian Sea down to true altitude of -29 m reduce the depth of the lower Volga and restrict ship movement in this part of the Volga-Don Waterway ... lock in the Manych Ship Canal near the Caspian Sea could be designed to control this water level fluctuation ...

Famous quotes related to caspian sea:

    The Volga flows into the Caspian Sea.... Horses eat oats and hay....
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