Carnatic Music

Carnatic music (Sanskrit: Karnāṭaka saṃgīta) is a system of music commonly associated with the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its area roughly confined to four modern states of India: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. It is one of two main sub-genres of Indian classical music that evolved from ancient Hindu traditions; the other sub-genre being Hindustani music, which emerged as a distinct form because of Persian and Islamic influences in North India. In contrast to Hindustani music, the main emphasis in Carnatic music is on vocal music; most compositions are written to be sung, and even when played on instruments, they are meant to be performed in gāyaki (singing) style.

Although there are stylistic differences, the basic elements of śruti (the relative musical pitch), swara (the musical sound of a single note), rāga (the mode or melodic formulæ), and tala (the rhythmic cycles) form the foundation of improvisation and composition in both Carnatic and Hindustani music. Although improvisation plays an important role, Carnatic music is mainly sung through compositions, especially the kriti (or kirtanam) – a form developed between the 14th and 20th centuries by composers such as Purandara Dasa and the Trinity of Carnatic music. Carnatic music is also usually taught and learnt through compositions.

Carnatic music is usually performed by a small ensemble of musicians, consisting of a principal performer (usually a vocalist), a melodic accompaniment (usually a violin), a rhythm accompaniment (usually a mridangam), and a tambura, which acts as a drone throughout the performance. Other typical instruments used in performances may include the ghatam, kanjira, morsing, venu flute, veena, and chitraveena. The most outstanding performances, and the greatest concentration of Carnatic musicians, are found in the city of Chennai. Various festivals are held throughout India and abroad which mainly consist of Carnatic music performances, like the Madras Music Season which has been considered as one of the world's largest cultural events.

Read more about Carnatic Music:  Origins, Sources and History, Nature of Carnatic Music, Improvisation, Compositions, Prominent Composers, Learning Carnatic Music, Performances of Carnatic Music, Therapeutic Effect

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Carnatic Music - Therapeutic Effect
... Research shows that children receiving Carnatic classical musical training were in advantage for phonological awareness (PA) and verbal working memory (VWM) along with enhanced pitch perception abilities ... by listening to One of the famous Ragas of Carnatic music, Anandha Bhairavi ...
List Of People From Tamil Nadu - Arts and Music - Carnatic Music
... Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer (1907–2003), singer of Carnatic music Madurai Mani Iyer (1912–1968), singer of Carnatic music Umayalpuram K ... (1935-), musician, mridangist Vasundhara Devi, singer of carnatic music who acted in first colossal hit Tamil film Mangamma Sapatham ... Ganesh and Kumaresh, violinists Gopalakrishna Bharathi (1811–1896), Carnatic music composer Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan (March 2, 1935 - September 8, 2008), violinist Lalgudi Jayaraman (193 ...
Shivaranjani - Hindustani Scale - Borrowed Into Carnatic Music
... is also the currently popular scale in Carnatic music ... It is an audava-audava rāgam in Carnatic music classification (audava meaning 'of 5') ... Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) using swaras in Carnatic music notation is as follows ...
Lalitha Sivakumar
... Lalitha Sivakumar is a prominent Carnatic music teacher and composer ... was known for vocally accompanying her mother-in-law and leading Carnatic vocalist, the late D ... known as the mother and guru of Nithyashree Mahadevan, a prominent vocalist in Indian music ...
Tiruchy L. Saravanan - Contribution in Singapore
... composer in the National Arts Council of Singapore (NAC) in the biennial National Indian Music Competition which showcases budding talents in the field of Indian Classical Music ... natural gift in understanding the nuances of Carnatic music, put him on the edge over other composer musicians in Singapore ... His sensitivity and almost near diction in orchestrating Indian classical music is noteworthy ...

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