Bolshevik

Bolshevik

The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists (Russian: большевики, большевик (singular); ; derived from bol'shinstvo, "majority") were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.

The Bolsheviks were the majority faction in a crucial vote, hence their name. They ultimately became the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The Bolsheviks came to power in Russia during the October Revolution phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, and founded the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic which would later in 1922 become the chief constituent of the Soviet Union.

The Bolsheviks, founded by Vladimir Lenin and Alexander Bogdanov, were by 1905 a mass organization consisting primarily of workers under a democratic internal hierarchy governed by the principle of democratic centralism, who considered themselves the leaders of the revolutionary working class of Russia. Their beliefs and practices were often referred to as Bolshevism. Bolshevik revolutionary leader Leon Trotsky commonly used the terms "Bolshevism" and "Bolshevist" after his exile from the Soviet Union to differentiate between what he saw as true Leninism and the state and party as they existed under Joseph Stalin's leadership.

Read more about Bolshevik:  History of The Split, "Bolshevik" As An Obsolete Term, Derogatory Usage of "Bolshevik"

Other articles related to "bolsheviks, bolshevik":

State Ideology Of The Soviet Union - The Competing Ideologies of The Revolutionary Period To 1923
... governments were formed amongst Social Revolutionaries, Bolsheviks, Mensheviks, and limited anarchist groups ... Social Democratic Labour Party's (RSDLP) Bolshevik party was predominant, but at the local level power was held by ideologically mixed non-workplace soviets or ... falling outs occurred, significantly between the Left-SR party organisation and the Bolsheviks over the issue of war, leading to a rift with and suppression of Left-SR ideology ...
Stalin And Antisemitism - Background and Early Years
... Although active in the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Party, he did not attend a party congress until 1905 ... Although Jews were active among both the Social Democratic Bolshevik and the Menshevik factions, Jews were more prominent among the Mensheviks ... included a coarse joke, purportedly made by then-Bolshevik Grigory Aleksinsky “ Not less interesting is the composition of the congress from the standpoint of ...
Derogatory Usage of "Bolshevik"
... "Bolo" was used as derogatory expression for Bolsheviks used by British service personnel in the North Russian Expeditionary Force which intervened against the Red Army during the Russian Civil War ...
Bolshevik Nuclei
... Bolshevik Nuclei (in French Noyau-Bolshevik) was a small clandestine marxist group in Senegal ...
The Bolshevik Myth
... The Bolshevik Myth (Diary 1920–1922) is a book by Alexander Berkman describing his experiences in Bolshevist Russia from 1920 to 1922, where he saw the aftermath of the Russian ... Written in the form of a diary, The Bolshevik Myth describes how Berkman's initial enthusiasm for the revolution faded as he became disillusioned with the Bolsheviks and their suppression of ...