As steel technology improved, single-edged weapons became popular throughout Asia. Derived from the Chinese Jian or dao, the Korean hwandudaedo are known from the early medieval Three Kingdoms. Production of the Japanese tachi, a precursor to the katana, is recorded from ca. 900 AD (see Japanese sword). Japan was famous for the swords (nihonto) it forged in the early 13th century for the class of warrior-nobility known as the samurai. The types of swords used by the samurai included:nodachi/odachi (extra long field sword), tachi (long cavalry sword), katana (long sword), wakizashi (shorter companion sword for katana), tantō (short sword). Ancient pre-samurai swords included tsurugi (straight double edged blade) and Chokutō (straight single edged blade).
The Japanese katana reached the height of its development in the 15th and 16th centuries, when samurai increasingly found a need for a sword to use in closer quarters, leading to the creation of the modern katana.
Overshadowed by the popularity of Japanese swords, Korean swords have nonetheless risen in recognition, valued in history for its sharpness, beauty, longevity, and craftsmanship. Korean steel and iron production were considered one of the best in East Asia, with Korean warriors often being armed with the highest quality armor and weapons. It is difficult to truly define the Korean sword, due to the fact that many swords exist in Korea that have no distinct relation in style and construction. However, during the Joseon dynasty, a variety of swords were used uniformly by Korean soldiers, including but not limited to the hwando (single edged sabre), Hwandudaedo, Jedok geom (literally, the "Admiral's" sword), and the yedo.
One of the most recognizable Korean swords is the Bonguk geom, colloquially called the sword of the hwarang, the elite warriors of the Shilla kingdom. Prized for its unique and meticulous craftsmanship, the bonguk geom is a single-edged sword usually between 3–4 feet in length, and was used extensively in combat by Korean soldiers even after the Shilla dynasty.
Other articles related to "asia, east":
... Most of Southern Asia was unified under his grandson Ashoka the Great after the Kalinga War, though the empire collapsed not long after his reign ... by the Han Dynasty, which expanded into Central Asia, Northern China/Manchuria, Southern China, and present day Korea and Vietnam ... by Cyrus the Great after conquering the Median Empire, Neo-Babylonian Empire, Lydia and Asia Minor ...
... and adjacent areas in 2003 and some 100 animals in 2005) in the west, to Russia in the east, and from Sweden and Finland in the north to Romania (4000–50 ... Brown bears were once native to Asia, the Atlas Mountains of Africa, Europe, and North America, but are now extinct in some areas, and their populations have greatly decreased in other areas ... Brown bears live in Alaska, east through the Yukon and Northwest Territories, south through British Columbia and through the western half of Alberta ...
Famous quotes containing the words asia and/or east:
“Incarnate devil in a talking snake,
The central plains of Asia in his garden,
In shaping-time the circle stung awake,
In shapes of sin forked out the bearded apple....”
—Dylan Thomas (19141953)
“Ah! on Thanksgiving day, when from East and from West,
From North and from South, come the pilgrim and guest,
When the gray-haired New Englander sees round his board
The old broken links of affection restored,
When the care-wearied man seeks his mother once more,
And the worn matron smiles where the girl smiled before.
What moistens the lip and what brightens the eye?
What calls back the past, like the rich Pumpkin pie?”
—John Greenleaf Whittier (18071892)