Biometric Passport

A biometric passport, also known as an e-passport, ePassport or a digital passport, is a combined paper and electronic passport that contains biometric information that can be used to authenticate the identity of travelers. It uses contactless smart card technology, including a microprocessor chip (computer chip) and antenna (for both power to the chip and communication) embedded in the front or back cover, or center page, of the passport. Document and chip characteristics are documented in the International Civil Aviation Organization's (ICAO) Doc 9303. The passport's critical information is both printed on the data page of the passport and stored in the chip. Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) is used to authenticate the data stored electronically in the passport chip making it expensive and difficult to forge when all security mechanisms are fully and correctly implemented.

The currently standardized biometrics used for this type of identification system are facial recognition, fingerprint recognition, and iris recognition. These were adopted after assessment of several different kinds of biometrics including retinal scan. The ICAO defines the biometric file formats and communication protocols to be used in passports. Only the digital image (usually in JPEG or JPEG2000 format) of each biometric feature is actually stored in the chip. The comparison of biometric features is performed outside the passport chip by electronic border control systems (e-borders). To store biometric data on the contactless chip, it includes a minimum of 32 kilobytes of EEPROM storage memory, and runs on an interface in accordance with the ISO/IEC 14443 international standard, amongst others. These standards intend interoperability between different countries and different manufacturers of passport books.

Some national identity cards (e.g. in the Netherlands, Albania and Brazil) are fully ICAO9303 compliant biometric travel documents. However others, such as the USA Passport card, are not.

Read more about Biometric Passport:  Data Protection, Attacks, Opposition, Notes and References

Other articles related to "passport, biometric passport, biometric passports, biometric, passports":

Lebanese Passport
... The Lebanese passport is issued to citizens of Lebanon for international travel ... "The Republic of Lebanon, Passport" is written on the cover page in both Arabic and French ... The contents of the passport are in Arabic, French and English ...
HKSAR Passport - Physical Appearance - Current Version (biometric Passport)
... the tender to provide the technology to produce biometric passports ... The cover of the new biometric passport remains essentially the same as that of previous versions ... The biometric passport symbol appears at the bottom under the word "PASSPORT" ...
Mexican Passport - Physical Appearance - Biometric Passport
... Mexico announced in the last days of 2009 that it was expecting the Mexican Passport to include the totality of the biometric data of the bearer during 2010 ... the iris and the 10 fingerprints The current passport only has pictures of the 2 index fingers ... The electronic passport is not yet available as of 2013 ...
Chilean Passport - Biometric Passport
... The company hopes to implement biometric technology in all passports and ID cards by September 2013 ...

Famous quotes containing the word passport:

    It is better to pay court to a queen ... than to worship, as we too often do, some unworthy person whose wealth is his sole passport into society. I believe that a habit of respect is good for the human race.
    M. E. W. Sherwood (1826–1903)