Bidjigal

The Bidjigal (also spelt Bediagal) people are a group of Indigenous Australians living to the West of Sydney. Their geographical location is confusing, as they seem to have been based in southern Sydney, in the region between the Cooks River and the Georges River and yet also seem to have inhabited land in north-western Sydney, in what is now Baulkham Hills.

Others say that the Bidjigal people span from La Perouse, Botany Bay down to the Illawarra. The language group to which they belong is Dharawal, which spanned from Sydney to Jervis Bay.

Attenbrow (2002) discusses their possible origin and location, and concludes that the question is "somewhat vexed", while Kohen (1993) suggests that there may have been some confusion between two distinct groups: the Bidjigal (living in the Baulham Hills area) and the Bediagal at Botany Bay in the Salt Pan Creek area. If this is the case, then this article is about the Bidjigal people living in the Baulkham Hills area.

The Bidjigal are sometimes said to be a clan of the Dharuk people, and sometimes a clan of the Eora people, and this may result from the confusion described above. However, it is also possible that they were a distinct group with their own Bidjigal language. The name Bidjigal means plains-dweller in the Dharuk language.

Perhaps the most famous Bidjigal person was Pemulwuy, who successfully led Aboriginal Resistance forces against the British Army before finally being captured and killed (and eventually beheaded).

The name of the Bidjigal is today remembered by the name of Bidjigal Reserve, in Baulkham Hills, Castle Hill, Carlingford, North Rocks and Northmead to the North-West of Sydney. The Bidjigal Reserve was known as Excelsior Park until 2004. It is the site of the earliest known Aboriginal occupation of Sydney.

Other articles related to "bidjigal":

Castle Hill, New South Wales - History - Indigenous History
... land that is now called Castle Hill was originally home to the Bidjigal people, who are believed to be a clan of the Dharuk people, who occupied all the land ... The best-known Aboriginal person from that time is Pemulwuy, a Bidjigal leader who led the resistance movement against the British forces, including sacking farms in Castle Hill ... The Bidjigal people are today commemorated by Bidjigal Reserve which straddles the suburbs of Castle Hill, Baulkham Hills, North Rocks and West Pennant Hills ...
Bidjigal Reserve - External Links - Official
... Bidjigal Reserve Homepage Baulkham Hills Shire Council page for Bidjigal Reserve Baulkham Hills Shire Council page for Bidjigal Reserve walking tracks Baulkham Hills Shire Council Pdf Pamphlet for Bidjigal ...
Clashes Between Pemulwuy and The British Settlers
... Pemulwuy was the leader of the Bidjigal people and lived near Botany Bay ... Phillip ordered two military expeditions against the Bidjigal led by Tench in retaliation for the attack on McIntyre ... He regarded the Bidjigal as the most aggressive towards the British settlers and intended to make an example of them ...
Bidjigal Reserve - History and Management
... and the Eric Mobbs Reserve) were combined and made into the Bidjigal Reserve by a deed of agreement signed on 4 December 2003 on behalf of the Minister for Lands ... Bidjigal reserve was dedicated for the purposes of preservation of aboriginal cultural heritage, flora and fauna and public recreation on 22 October 2004 ... Ownership of the reserve is vested in the Bidjigal Reserve Trust ...