Bhrikuti

Bhrikuti

The Nepali Princess Bhrikuti Devi, known to Tibetans as Bal-mo-bza' Khri-btsun, Bhelsa Tritsun ('Nepali consort') or, simply, Khri bTsun ("Royal Lady"), is traditionally considered to have been the first wife of the earliest emperor of Tibet, Songtsän Gampo (605? - 650 CE), and an incarnation of Tara. She was also known as "Besa", and was a princess of the Licchavi kingdom of Nepal.

Part of a series on
Tibetan Buddhism
History
  • Timeline
  • Related-topics
Schools
  • Nyingma
  • Kagyu
  • Sakya
  • Gelug
  • Bön
  • Jonang
Key concepts
  • Three marks of existence
  • Skandha
  • Cosmology
  • Saṃsāra
  • Rebirth
  • Bodhisattva
  • Dharma
  • Dependent origination
  • Karma
Major figures
  • Gautama Buddha
  • Padmasambhava
  • Je Tsongkhapa
  • Dalai Lama
  • Panchen Lama
  • Lama
  • Karmapa Lama
  • Rinpoche
  • Geshe
  • Terton
  • Tulku
Practices and attainment
  • Buddhahood
  • Avalokiteśvara
  • Four stages of enlightenment
  • Tantric yoga
  • Paramitas
  • Meditation
  • Laity
Major monasteries
  • Changzhug
  • Drepung
  • Dzogchen
  • Ganden
  • Jokhang
  • Kumbum
  • Labrang
  • Mindroling
  • Namgyal
  • Narthang
  • Nechung
  • Pabonka
  • Palcho
  • Ralung
  • Ramoche
  • Sakya
  • Sanga
  • Sera
  • Shalu
  • Tashilhunpo
  • Tsurphu
  • Yerpa
Major festivals
  • Chotrul Duchen
  • Dajyur
  • Losar
  • Monlam
  • Sho Dun
Texts
  • Kangyur
  • Tengyur
  • Tibetan canon
  • Mahayana sutras
  • Nyingma Gyubum
Art
  • Sand mandala
  • Thangka
  • Ashtamangala
  • Tree of physiology
Outline
  • Comparative studies
  • Culture
  • List of topics
  • Portal
  • Tibetan Buddhism portal

Even though the historicity of Bhrikuti Devi is not certain, and no reference to her has been found among the documents discovered at Dunhuang, "there are increasing indications supporting this hypothesis." There were certainly very close relationships between Tibet and Nepal at this period and, "Such a mythological interpretation discredits in no way the historical likelihood of such a marriage...."

Many Tibetan accounts make Bhrikuti the daughter of Amshuvarma (605-621 CE), co-ruler and successor of Śivadeva I. If this is correct, the marriage to Songtsän Gampo must have taken place sometime before 624 CE. Acharya Kirti Tulku Lobsang Tenzin, however, states that Songsten Gampo married Bhrkuti Devi, the daughter of king "Angsu Varma" or Amshuvarma (Tib: Waser Gocha) of Nepal in 632.

According to some Tibetan legends, however, a Nepali king named Go Cha (identified by Sylvain Lévi as "Udayavarman", from the literal meaning of the Tibetan name, who was said to have a daughter called Bri-btumn or Bhṛkuti.

"Udayavarman" was, most likely the same king we know as Udayadeva (the son of Śivadeva I and, later, adopted son and heir to Aṃshuvarmā), and the father of Narendradeva (Tib: Miwang-Lha). If this is accepted, it means that Narendradeva and Bhrikuti Devi were brother and sister. Whatever the case, if the marriage did take place, it must have been sometime in the early 620s.

We do have some fairly detailed historical accounts of Narendradeva, who not only spent some time as an exile in Tibet, but was placed on the Nepalese throne with the help of the Tibetans.

The (Jiu) Tangshu, or Book of Tang, records that when the king of 泥婆羅 Nipoluo Nepal, the father of Licchavi king Naling Deva (or Narendradeva), died, an uncle (Yu.sna kug.ti = Vishnagupta) usurped the throne. "The Tibetans gave him refuge and reestablished him on his throne ; that is how he became subject to Tibet."

It is not known exactly when Bhrikuti married Songtsän Gampo, but it was presumably about the time that Narendadeva fled to Tibet after his father, Udayadeva, was replaced by Dhruvadeva c. 621 CE, who, according to an inscription dated in 623, was ruling jointly with Jiṣṇugupta.

Read more about BhrikutiBhrikuti in Tibet

Other articles related to "bhrikuti":

Bhrikuti in Tibet
... ." According to Tibetan traditions, Bhrikuti was a devout Buddhist and brought many sacred images and expert Newari craftsmen with her as part of her dowry ... Songtsän Gampo and Bhrikuti built a great temple, the Tsulag Khang (or 'House of Wisdom') to house the images, which is now known as the Jokhang ('House of ... Bhrikuti is usually represented as Green Tara in Tibetan iconography ...