Bengal (Bengali: বাংলা Bangla, Bengali: বঙ্গ Bôngo) is a historical and geographical region in the northeast region of the Indian Subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal. Today, it is mainly divided between the sovereign land of People's Republic of Bangladesh (previously East Bengal / East Pakistan) and the Indian state of West Bengal, although some regions of the previous kingdoms of Bengal (during local monarchical regimes and British rule) are now part of the neighboring Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Assam, Tripura and Orissa. The majority of Bengal is inhabited by Bengali people (বাঙালি Bangali) who speak the Bengali language (বাংলা Bangla).

The region of Bengal is one of the most densely populated regions on earth, with a population density exceeding 900/km². Most of the Bengal region lies in the low-lying Ganges–Brahmaputra River Delta or Ganges Delta, the world's largest delta. In the southern part of the delta lies the Sundarbans—the world's largest mangrove forest and home of the Bengal tiger. In the coastal southeast lies Cox's Bazar, the world's longest beach with a length of 120 Km (75 mi). Though the population of the region is mostly rural and agrarian, two megacities, Kolkata (previously Calcutta) and Dhaka (previously Dacca), are located in Bengal. The Bengal region is renowned for its rich literary and cultural heritage as well as its immense contribution to the socio-cultural uplift of Indian society in the form of the Bengal Renaissance, and revolutionary activities during the Indian independence movement.

Read more about Bengal:  Etymology, History, Post-1947 History, Geography, Demographics, Economy, Culture, Intra-Bengal Relations Today, Gallery

Other articles related to "bengal":

East Bengali Refugees - History
... In 1947, Bengal was partitioned into the Indian state of West Bengal and the Pakistani province of East Bengal ... East Bengal was later renamed East Pakistan, which subsequently broke away from Pakistan to form the independent country of Bangladesh ... in Assam also joined East Pakistan and was subsequently considered to be East Bengal ...
Bengal - Gallery
... The Royal Bengal Tiger Worker in a paddy, a common scene all over Bengal Shaheed Minar, or the Martyr's monument, in Dhaka, commemorates the ...
History Of Uttar Pradesh - Buddhist-Hindu Period - Sena Dynasty
... were followed by the Sena dynasty who brought Bengal under one ruler during the twelfth century ... Ballal Sena introduced caste system in Bengal and made Nabadwip the capital ... The fourth king of this dynasty Lakshman Sen expanded the empire beyond Bengal to Bihar, Assam, Orissa and probably to Varanasi ...
Khwaja Salimullah
... It was he who, in the wake of partition of Bengal in 1905, corresponded and discussed with Nawab Muhsinul Mulk at Aligarh over the issue of formation of the ... is commonly known, was also a key patron of education for the Muslims of Bengal ... Sir Salimullah was a staunch supporter of the Partition of Bengal and was a member of East Bengal and Assam Legislative Council from 1906 to 1907 ...
Siliguri - Education
... Apart from the residents of West Bengal, students from neighbouring states of Sikkim, Bihar and Assam and neighbouring countries of Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh come here to pursue education ... in Siliguri follow the "10+2" plan and affiliated with West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education, CBSE or ICSE ... The North Bengal Medical College, located in Sushrutanagar, is the sole medical college in the region and is connected to the main city through the 3rd Mahananda Bridge ...

Famous quotes containing the word bengal:

    In Bengal to move at all
    Is seldom, if ever, done,
    But mad dogs and Englishmen
    Go out in the midday sun.
    Noël Coward (1899–1973)

    Warmest climes but nurse the cruelest fangs: the tiger of Bengal crouches in spiced groves of ceaseless verdure. Skies the most effulgent but basket the deadliest thunders: gorgeous Cuba knows tornadoes that never swept tame northern lands.
    Herman Melville (1819–1891)