Baroque Orchestra

The Baroque orchestra is the type of orchestra that existed during the Baroque period, commonly identified as 1600-1750. Its origins were in France where Jean-Baptiste Lully added the newly re-designed hautboy and transverse flutes to his vingt-quatre violons du Roy. As well as violins and woodwinds, the baroque orchestra contained continuo instruments such as the theorbo and harpsichord.

In the Baroque period, the orchestra was not standardised in size. There were large differences in size, instrumentation and playing styles - and therefore orchestral soundscapes and palettes - between the various European regions. The 'Baroque orchestra' ranged from smaller orchestras (or ensembles) with one player per part, through to larger scale orchestras with many players per part. Examples of the smaller variety were Bach's orchestras, for example in Koethen where he had access to an ensemble of up to 18 players. Examples of large scale Baroque orchestras would include Corelli's orchestra in Rome which ranged between 35 and 80 players for day-to-day performances, being enlarged to 150 players for special occasions.

The term 'Baroque orchestra' is commonly used today to refer to chamber orchestras giving historically informed performances of baroque or classical on period instruments or replicas. The period-instrument revival during the 1970s inspired the development of the first period-instrument baroque orchestras, led by Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Gustav Leonhardt and Frans Bruggen. Since then many baroque orchestras have been formed across Europe, as well as some in North America. Baroque orchestras of today include:

  • The Academy of Ancient Music
  • American Bach Soloists
  • Apollo’s Fire: The Cleveland Baroque Orchestra
  • Les Arts Florissants
  • The Hague's Baroque Orchestra: The New Dutch Academy
  • Boston Baroque
  • Bourbon Baroque: Louisville's Period Instrument Ensemble
  • Atlanta Baroque Orchestra
  • Concerto Italiano
  • Concerto Köln
  • Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment
  • Portland Baroque Orchestra
  • The English Baroque Soloists
  • The English Concert
  • Europa Galante
  • Florilegium
  • Freiburger Barockorchester
  • Hespèrion XX and Hespèrion XXI
  • Il Giardino Armonico
  • Musica Antiqua Köln
  • New Trinity Baroque
  • Newport Baroque Orchestra
  • Les Paladins
  • Philharmonia Baroque Orchestra
  • Taverner Consort and Players
  • Tafelmusik Baroque Orchestra
  • Barocco sempre giovane
  • La Chapelle Rhénane

Read more about Baroque Orchestra:  Instrumentation, Recordings of Baroque Music

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... Schäfer (Tenor), Marek Rzepka (Bass) Hanoverian Court Orchestra (on period instruments), Maulbronn Chamber Choir Jürgen Budday, conductor ... Dietrich Henschel RIAS Kammerchor, Freiburg Baroque Orchestra René Jacobs, conductor) ... Paul Agnew, Caroline Stam, Michael Chance Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra Choir Ton Koopman, conductor) ...
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... He specialises in performance of baroque and classical music on authentic instruments ... career as principal cellist of notable baroque orchestras, including Musica Antiqua Köln, The English Concert and Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra ... Musica da Camera, and in 2000 founded the Mozart Akademie in Amsterdam, an orchestra specialising in the classical repertoire, whom he conducts, and ...
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... of Ancient Music, Akademie für Alte Musik Berlin, Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra Choir, Bach Collegium Japan, Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, BBC Philharmonic, La Chapelle ... in the project Dieterich Buxtehude – Opera Omnia of Ton Koopman and the Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra Choir to record the complete works of Dieterich Buxtehude ...
Kathleen Battle - Life and Career - 1990s
... projects ranging from a concert program and a CD devoted to spirituals to a recording of baroque music, from performances of complete operas to recitals and recordings with jazz musicians ... also collaborated with other musicians including trumpeter Wynton Marsalis in a recording of baroque arias entitled, Baroque Duet violinist Itzhak Perlman on an album of Bach arias and flautist Jean-Pierre Rampal for ... In October 1992 "when Miss Battle opened the Boston Symphony Orchestra season, she reportedly banned an assistant conductor and other musicians from her ...

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