The Baroque ( /bəˈroʊk/ or /bəˈrɒk/) is a period of artistic style that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, and music. The style started around 1600 in Rome, Italy and spread to most of Europe.

The popularity and success of the Baroque style was encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church, which had decided at the time of the Council of Trent, in response to the Protestant Reformation, that the arts should communicate religious themes in direct and emotional involvement. The aristocracy also saw the dramatic style of Baroque architecture and art as a means of impressing visitors and expressing triumphant power and control. Baroque palaces are built around an entrance of courts, grand staircases and reception rooms of sequentially increasing opulence.

Read more about BaroqueEtymology, Modern Usage, Development, Painting, Sculpture, Architecture, Theatre, Literature and Philosophy, Music

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... Baroque architecture began in the early 17th century in Italy, reinventing the humanist Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural ... of the Italian courts, and was a blend of secular and religious forces, the Baroque directly linked to the Counter-Reformation, a movement within the Catholic Church to reform ... The Baroque style arrived in Germany after the Thirty Years War ...
Church Of Santa Engrácia - Architecture
... the façades are ondulated like in the baroque designs of Borromini ... The entrance to the church is done through a beautiful baroque portal with the coat-of-arms of Portugal held by two angels ... The floor and walls are decorated with baroque, polychromed patterns of marble ...

Famous quotes containing the word baroque:

    The truth is that Mozart, Pascal, Boolean algebra, Shakespeare, parliamentary government, baroque churches, Newton, the emancipation of women, Kant, Marx, and Balanchine ballets don’t redeem what this particular civilization has wrought upon the world. The white race is the cancer of human history.
    Susan Sontag (b. 1933)

    Prose is architecture, not interior decoration, and the Baroque is over.
    Ernest Hemingway (1899–1961)

    It is the Late city that first defies the land, contradicts Nature in the lines of its silhouette, denies all Nature. It wants to be something different from and higher than Nature. These high-pitched gables, these Baroque cupolas, spires, and pinnacles, neither are, nor desire to be, related with anything in Nature. And then begins the gigantic megalopolis, the city-as-world, which suffers nothing beside itself and sets about annihilating the country picture.
    Oswald Spengler (1880–1936)