Apsara - Visual Arts - Cambodia

Cambodia

Apsaras represent an important motif in the stone bas-reliefs of the Angkorian temples in Cambodia (8th–13th century AD), however all female images are not considered to be apsaras. In harmony with the Indian association of dance with apsaras, Khmer female figures that are dancing or are poised to dance are considered apsaras; female figures, depicted individually or in groups, who are standing still and facing forward in the manner of temple guardians or custodians are called devatas.

Angkor Wat, the largest Angkorian temple built (1116–1150 AD), features both apsaras and devata, however the devata type are the most numerous with more than 1,796 in the present research inventory. Angkor Wat architects employed small apsara images (30–40 cm as seen at left) as decorative motifs on pillars and walls. They incorporated larger devata images (all full-body portraits measuring approximately 95–110 cm) more prominently at every level of the temple from the entry pavilion to the tops of the high towers. In 1927, Sappho Marchal published a study cataloging the remarkable diversity of their hair, headdresses, garments, stance, jewelry and decorative flowers, which Marchal concluded were based on actual practices of the Angkor period. Some devata appear with arms around each other and seem to be greeting the viewer. “The devatas seem to epitomize all the elements of a refined elegance,” wrote Marchal.

Read more about this topic:  Apsara, Visual Arts

Other articles related to "cambodia":

The Cambodia Daily
... The Cambodia Daily is an English-language daily newspaper based in Cambodia ... Cambodia has another English-language daily newspaper, the Phnom Penh Post, formerly fortnightly but published daily since early 2008 ...
Cambodia At The 1956 Summer Olympics
... *As Khmer Republic Cambodia competed in the Olympic Games for the first time at the 1956 Summer Olympics ... Cambodia did not send any athletes to Melbourne, Australia where most of the Games events were held, but two Cambodian riders competed in the equestrian events held in Stockholm ...
Military By Country - C - Cambodia
... Royal Cambodian Army Royal Cambodian Air Force Royal Cambodian Navy Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia ...
Deforestation In Cambodia
... Cambodia has one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world, third to only Nigeria and Vietnam, according to a 2005 report conducted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the ... Cambodia's primary rainforest cover fell dramatically from over 70% in 1970 at the end of the Vietnam War to just 3.1% in 2007 ... In total, Cambodia lost 25,000 square kilometres of forest between 1990 and 2005, 3,340 square kilometres of which was primary forest ...
Cambodia - Transport
... The civil war and neglect severely damaged Cambodia's transport system, but with assistance and equipment from other countries Cambodia has been upgrading the main highways to ... Cambodia has two rail lines, totalling about 612 kilometers (380 mi) of single, one meter gauge track ... been started to revitalize the languishing rail system that will "(interlink) Cambodia with major industrial and logistics centers in Bangkok and Ho ...