Antoine Equation - Example Parameters - Example Calculation

Example Calculation

The normal boiling point of ethanol is TB = 78.32 °C.

(760 mmHg = 101.325 kPa = 1.000 atm = normal pressure)

This example shows a severe problem caused by using two different sets of coefficients. The described vapor pressure is not continuous—at the normal boiling point the two sets give different results. This causes severe problems for computational techniques which rely on a continuous vapor pressure curve.

Two solutions are possible: The first approach uses a single Antoine parameter set over a larger temperature range and accepts the increased deviation between calculated and real vapor pressures. A variant of this single set approach is using a special parameter set fitted for the examined temperature range. The second solution is switching to another vapor pressure equation with more than three parameters. Commonly used are simple extensions of the Antoine equation (see below) and the equations of DIPPR or Wagner.

Read more about this topic:  Antoine Equation, Example Parameters

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