Ammonium Perchlorate

Ammonium perchlorate is an inorganic compound with the formula NH4ClO4. It is the salt of perchloric acid and ammonia. It is a powerful oxidizer, which is why its main use is in solid propellants. It has been implicated in a number of industrial accidents.

Read more about Ammonium Perchlorate:  Production, Decomposition, Applications, Toxicity

Other articles related to "ammonium, ammonium perchlorate, perchlorates, perchlorate":

Solid-fuel Rocket - Propellant Families - Composite Propellants
... Composite propellants are often either ammonium nitrate-based (ANCP) or ammonium perchlorate-based (APCP) ... Ammonium nitrate composite propellant often uses magnesium and/or aluminum as fuel and delivers medium performance (Isp of about 210 sec) whereas Ammonium ... Ammonium dinitramide, NH4N(NO2)2, is being considered as a 1-to-1 chlorine-free substitute for ammonium perchlorate in composite propellants ...
PEPCON Disaster - Background
... PEPCON plant, located in Henderson, Nevada, was one of only two American producers of ammonium perchlorate, an oxidizer used in solid fuel rocket boosters, including ... In addition to ammonium perchlorate, the facility also had a 16-inch (410 mm) high-pressure natural gas transmission line running underneath the plant ... PEPCON stored almost all manufactured ammonium perchlorate on-site ...
Pyrotechnic Colorant
... Green Barium carbonate BaCO3 Pretty color when ammonium perchlorate is used as oxidizer ... In green compositions usually used with perchlorates ... Blue Copper carbonate CuCO3 Best when used with ammonium perchlorate ...
Ammonium Perchlorate - Toxicity
... Perchlorate itself confers little acute toxicity ... For example, sodium perchlorate has an LD50 of 2-4 g/kg and is eliminated rapidly after ingestion ... However, chronic exposure to perchlorates, even in low concentrations, has been shown to cause various thyroid problems, as it is taken up in place of iodine ...
Rocket Propellant - Chemical Propellants - Solid Propellants - Description
... Composites typically consist of a mixture of granules of solid oxidizer (examples ammonium nitrate, ammonium perchlorate, potassium nitrate) in a polymer binder with flakes or powders of energetic. 1950s and 60s researchers in the United States developed Ammonium Perchlorate Composite Propellant (APCP) ... This mixture is typically 69-70% finely ground ammonium perchlorate (an oxidizer), combined with 16-20% fine aluminium powder (a fuel), held together ...