Affect

When used as a descriptor or adjective, affect means to change, and usually refers to an emotion or symptom. Affected, when used in a description, refers to fake or intentionally assumed behaviour (a changed behaviour), i.e., an affected accent. Affect can refer to facial expression or demeanor.

In general, to affect refers to the influence a change has on something else. In this sense, it is often confused with to effect, which generally means either "to cause/make/create a change" or to the result of a change. When used as a verb, "effect" refers to the cause of a change, or as a synonym for "created" or "made" ("The governor effected a change in policy"); while "affect" refers to the consequences of that change ("The new policy really affected our family").

As a noun, "affect" may refer to an emotion or to a psychological/psychiatric state (see below). As an adjective, it may refer to an assumed pretense: "Her affected accent really had an effect on me"; "Her affected accent really affected my view of her".

Affect may refer to:

  • Affect (philosophy)
  • Affect (psychology)
    • Blunted affect or affective flattening, a reduction in emotional reactivity.
    • Labile affect, the unstable display of emotion.
    • Affect display, signs of emotion, such as facial expression, vocalization, and posture
    • Affective science, the scientific study of emotion
  • Affect (linguistics), the grammar of expressing affect
  • Affective computing, an area of research in computer science aiming to simulate emotional processes.
  • Affekt, a German term often used in musical and other aesthetic theory
    • Doctrine of the affections, an important theory in the aesthetics of music

Other articles related to "affect, affects":

Counterfactual Thinking - Psychological Processes Behind Goal-Directed Actions - Affect-motivated
... to Epstude and Roese (2008), individuals experience affect when there is a discrepancy between outcome and salient ideal alternative outcome ... When they experience negative affect such as guilt and anger, they will attempt to minimize discrepancy in order to avoid negative mood ...
Affect Measures
... These are referred to as Measures of Affect or Measures of Emotion ... A frequently used measure is the Positive Affect Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) ...
Convergent Thinking - Convergent Vs. Divergent Thinking - Mood
... With increasing evidence suggesting that emotions can affect underlying cognitive processes, recent approaches have also explored the opposite, that cognitive processes can also affect one's ... that carrying out a task requiring creative thinking does have an affect on one's mood ...
Clinical Applications - Affect Consciousness As A Predictor of Psychopathology
... the Global Affect Consciousness scores (overall mean of all aspect-scores across affects) are strongly correlated with all the relevant measures of psychological dysfunction ... Affect integration (operationalized through Affect Consciousness constructs and measured with the ACI and ACS) at different levels are stable correlates of psychopathology and psychological dysfunction ...
Script Theory
... created script theory as a further development of his Affect theory, which regards human beings' emotional responses to stimuli as falling into categories called "affects" he noticed that the purely biological ... unit of analysis is called a "scene", defined as a sequence of events linked by the affects triggered during the experience of those events ... our behaviour in an effort to maximize positive affect and to minimize negative affect ...

Famous quotes containing the word affect:

    The world-spirit is a good swimmer, and storms and waves can not drown him. He snaps his fingers at laws; and so, throughout history, heaven seems to affect low and poor means. Through the years and the centuries, through evil agents, through toys and atoms, a great and beneficent tendency irresistibly streams.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    To affect the quality of the day, that is the highest of arts. Every man is tasked to make his life, even in its details, worthy of the contemplation of his most elevated and critical hour.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    If we dreamed the same thing every night, it would affect us much as the objects we see every day. And if a common workman were sure to dream every night for twelve hours that he was a king, I believe he would be almost as happy as a king who should dream every night for twelve hours on end that he was a common workman.
    Blaise Pascal (1623–1662)