Activity Centre

Activity centre is a term used in urban planning and design for a mixed-use urban area where there is a concentration of commercial and other land uses. For example, the central business districts of cities (CBD) are also known as “Central Activities Districts” (CAD) (also known as Downtown in North America or "Central Activities Zone" in the United Kingdom) in recognition of the fact that commercial functions are not the only things that do or should occur there. The term activity centre can also be used to designate an area for mixed-use development, whatever its current land use happens to be.

Activity centres can vary greatly in size from the central districts of large cities to regional commercial areas to neighbourhood shopping centres and strips. They can also refer to specialised agglomerations of activities such as urban university campuses or research institutes. They are an important concept in urban planning for Transit-oriented development or TOD, which seeks to intensify landuses around public transport nodes to facilitate greater sustainability in the way people and goods move around cities.

Activity centres are a key component of contemporary strategic planning for large dispersed cities like those in Australia, Canada, the USA and New Zealand. Examples of such planning include the Melbourne 2030 strategy for Melbourne and the City of Cities metropolitan strategy for Sydney.

“Activity Centres are defined as any place that attracts people for shopping, working, studying, recreation or socializing” (Department of Sustainability and Environment, 2002). This is a very broad and descriptive definition that is used in Melbourne 2030. The definition was later made more specific in Melbourne @ 5 million, by saying a mixed use centre is where people work, shop, relax, meet friends and family and also live. These centres are usually a reasonable size and are served by public transport of different sizes and intensities (buses, trains, tram and cars cater for most activity centres in Melbourne). This specific definition is meant to be one of the key aspects to Melbourne 2030 Activity Centre Policy being successful in its efforts in the reduction of car dependence (K. Sulervian, 2010)

The ideas of Activity Centres in Melbourne 2030 is no now concept for Melbourne, as it is a reinterpretation of a policy. The issue surrounding this idea is the ability of our State and Local Governments working together and learning from the past mistakes to create a policy where Govenemments will adopt a strong adopt a “strong regulative approach” (R. Goodman, S. Moloney, 2004).

District Centre Police of Melbourne was introduced in 1980s and was then later abandoned. This policy was abandoned because of powerful vested interested opposing the restrictions to lower car usage, that planners were applying. The pressure applied by stand-alone shopping centre owners to expand in the end was too great, and the Government gave into their demands. This was only the beginning with State Government landing the largest blow in 1984, when they approved a “major breach of policy” (R. Goodman, S. Moloney, 2004) allowing Coles-Myers to build their headquarter as a stand alone centre instead of in a district centre. This not only weakened the policy but also gave to other powerful organizations dismissing the District Centre Policy.

Goodman and Moloney have pointed out that the current Government has not learned from previous mistakes. The issues pointed out “lack of including Local Government in the process of selecting centres for designation and future growth, the value of enforceable guidelines and regulation to support the policy and the critical necessity of appropriate funding to enable implementation (R. Goodman, S. Moloney, 2004). Goodman and Moloney believed that State Government could step back and allow “Design to take place at a Local Government level as part of their Planning Scheme Amendment process” (R. Goodman, S. Moloney, 2004). Looking back at past mistakes, the State Government should step back and let Local Government help with the implementation of the policy at ta local level, and would also give strong direction for developers to work with.

Read more about Activity CentreTransport, International Examples, Retail, Commercial Development

Other articles related to "activity centre, centre, activity centres, centres, activity":

Scouting In North West England - Campsites - Moor Crag Water Activity Centre
... Moor Crag Activity Centre is based on the eastern shore of Windermere, near to Great Tower Activity Centre ... Accommodation is available in a residential block at the centre, the Waterside Wood Chalet ... The activity centre has 68 m of water frontage along the shore of Windermere, which includes 2 jetties and a boat house / wet dock, which is used to house the control room and safety craft ...
Cheltenham, Victoria - Activity Centres - Cheltenham Major Activity Centre
... Cheltenham is one of 82 higher order Major Activity Centres identified by the Melbourne 2030 growth planning policy ... in April 2011, some elements of the policy still remain, including activity centres ... Development of Cheltenham's Major Activity Centre, which is within 400m of Cheltenham railway station, is to be completed by 2030 ...
Activity Centre - Commercial Development
... things such as business parks, major office developments, mixed business areas, business centres and warehouse uses ... In activity centers and urban locations, commercial buildings often combine multiple functions, such as offices on the upper levels with retailing on ground levels ... The purpose of activity centres, or neo-traditional development such as urban villages or compact cities are to provide a mixed use core, within walking distance for most residents ...
Capel Curig - Activity Centre
... The village is a popular centre for walking, climbing, mountaineering, mountain biking and other outdoor pursuits and is served by the Sherpa bus network ... a camp site, several cafes and hotels and outdoor activity gear shops ... Wolverhampton City Council have since 1961 operated 'The Towers' outdoors activity centre just outside of Capel Curig ...
Scout Activity Centre (The Scout Association) - Hawkhirst Scout Activity Centre
... Hawkhirst Scout Activity Centre is a Scout Activity Centre on the shore of Kielder Water in Kielder Forest in Northumberland ...

Famous quotes containing the words centre and/or activity:

    Go anywhere in England where there are natural, wholesome, contented, and really nice English people; and what do you always find? That the stables are the real centre of the household.
    George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950)

    Life is a series of diminishments. Each cessation of an activity either from choice or some other variety of infirmity is a death, a putting to final rest. Each loss, of friend or precious enemy, can be equated with the closing off of a room containing blocks of nerves ... and soon after the closing off the nerves atrophy and that part of oneself, in essence, drops away. The self is lightened, is held on earth by a gram less of mass and will.
    Coleman Dowell (1925–1985)