Abraxas

Abrasax (Gk. ΑΒΡΑΣΑΞ, which is far more common in the sources than the variant form Abraxas, ΑΒΡΑΞΑΣ) was a word of mystic meaning in the system of the Gnostic Basilides, being there applied to the “Great Archon” (Gk., megas archōn), the princeps of the 365 spheres (Gk., ouranoi). In Gnostic cosmology, the 7 letters spelling its name represent each of the 7 classic planets—Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn.

The word is found in Gnostic texts such as the Holy Book of the Great Invisible Spirit, and also appears in the Greek Magical Papyri. It was engraved on certain antique gemstones, called on that account Abraxas stones, which were used as amulets or charms. As the initial spelling on stones was 'Abrasax' (Αβρασαξ), the spelling of 'Abraxas' seen today probably originates in the confusion made between the Greek letters Sigma and Xi in the Latin transliteration. The word may be related to Abracadabra, although other explanations exist.

There are similarities and differences between such figures in reports about Basilides' teaching, ancient Gnostic texts, the larger Greco-Roman magical traditions, and modern magical and esoteric writings. Opinions abound on Abraxas, who in recent centuries has been claimed to be both an Egyptian god and a demon. The Swiss Psychologist Carl Jung wrote a short Gnostic treatise in 1916 called The Seven Sermons to the Dead, which called Abraxas a God higher than the Christian God and Devil, that combines all opposites into one Being.

Read more about Abraxas:  Sources, Abrasax Stones, Etymology, In Literature

Other articles related to "abraxas":

List Of Tron Characters - Tron: Legacy, Betrayal, Uprising and Evolution - Abraxas
... Abraxas is the main antagonist of Tron Evolution ... He is voiced by John Glover ...
Abraxas Grossulariata - Subspecies
... Abraxas grossulariata grossulariata Abraxas grossulariata karafutonis (Sakhalin) Abraxas grossulariata conspurcata (Japan) Abraxas grossulariata dsungarica (Dzungaria) ...
Abraxas Grossulariata
... Abraxas grossulariata is a moth of the family Geometridae, native to the Palaearctic ecozone and North America ... Research using Abraxas grossulariata led to the discovery of sex-linked characters ...
Abraxas, Guardian Of The Universe - Plot Summary
... Abraxas (Jesse Ventura) and Secundus (Sven-Ole Thorsen), are intergalactic police officers, or Finders, from a planet called Sargacia ... Their race is physically similar to humans but with an expanded lifespan Abraxas has been a Finder for almost 10,000 years ... Meanwhile, Abraxas corners Secundus so other Finders can lock onto their location and transport Secundus to the prison planet Tyrannus 7 ...
Caleb Alexander (comics) - Abraxas
... Further reading Abraxas at the Marvel Universe wiki Abraxas on Marvel Database, a Marvel Comics wiki Abraxas at the Comic Book DB Abraxas, sometimes ... Within the contest of the stories, Abraxas is a cosmic entity who embodies the destruction of the entirety of the Marvel multiverse ...