The Yonge–University–Spadina Line (officially Route 1 Yonge–University–Spadina Subway) is the oldest and busiest subway line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is operated by the Toronto Transit Commission, has 32 stations and is 30.2 km (18.8 mi) in length. It opened in 1954, and had extensions completed in 1963, 1973, 1974, 1978, and 1996. North York Centre Station opened on an existing section of line in 1987.
The line's name has been changed as it was extended. It was called "the subway" (Yonge subway is its retronym) until 1963, then the "Yonge–University Line" until 1978, when the Spadina section was added. Briefly in 1966, the Yonge–University subway ran in two branches: one west along Bloor to Keele (Yonge–University–Bloor), the other east along Bloor and Danforth to Woodbine (Yonge–University–Danforth).
Although only two stations are on Spadina Road, a larger portion of the line was originally planned to follow the Spadina Expressway. The part of the expressway that was built was renamed William R. Allen Road, but the name of the line was never changed. It is numbered as "Route 1" (formerly route 602), but its route number is used by the TTC predominantly for internal purposes and is rarely used by the public or on TTC maps.
The subway runs from approximately 6:00 am to 1:30 am Monday to Saturday and 9:00 am to 1:30 am on Sunday. The subway runs every 4–5 minutes, with frequent service (2–3 minutes) during rush hour periods. There is limited service (5 minutes) northbound from St. Clair West Station from 6:00 am to 9:00 am Monday to Friday.
The 320 Yonge Blue Night bus provides late-night service when the subway is not in operation. This service operates frequently along Yonge between Steeles Avenue and Union Station (Front Street). No bus service follows the University–Spadina line, though other night bus services, such as the 310 Bathurst, pass near some of the stations. Bus service is extended on Sundays to account for the 9:00 am start.
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... The TTC estimates that automatic train control on the Yonge–University–Spadina line could be installed by 2016 ...
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